Pakistan Demographics

What is the population of Pakistan?

Population 233,500,636
Population Growth Rate 1.52%
Urban Population 36.2%
Population in Major Urban Areas Karachi 13.876 million; Lahore 7.566 million; Faisalabad 3.038 million; Rawalpindi 2.164 million; Multan 1.775 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 919,000
Nationality Noun Pakistani(s)
Nationality Adjective Pakistani
Ethnic Groups Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
Languages Spoken Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

Pakistan Health Information

What are the health conditions in Pakistan?

Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 15-49 27%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.69
Diseases - note highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 89%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 8.6%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 95.7%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 2.5%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1%
HIV/Aids Deaths 3,500
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population .6
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 55.97
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 62.56
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 59.35
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 260
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 22.9
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 5.5%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 98,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .81
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 52.4%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 71.8%
Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved 33.6%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.96
Underweight - percent of children under five years 30.9%
Vectorborne Disease (s) dengue fever and malaria
Water contact disease (s) rabies

Pakistan Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Pakistan?

Life Expectancy at Birth 66 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 68 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 64 Years
Median Age 22 Years
Median Age - female 22 Years
Median Age - male 22 Years

Pakistan Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Pakistan median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 24
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.69
Median Age 22 Years
Median Age - female 22 Years
Median Age - male 22 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -1.84
Population Growth Rate 1.52%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.07
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.08
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .89

Pakistan Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Pakistan?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Adequate basic non-emergency medical care is available in major Pakistani cities but is limited in rural areas. Facilities in the cities vary in level and range of services, resources, and cleanliness, and U.S. citizens may find them below U.S. standards; facilities in rural areas are consistently below U.S. standards. Medical facilities require prepayment and most do not accept credit cards.

Water is not potable anywhere in Pakistan and sanitation in many restaurants is inadequate. Stomach illnesses are common.

Effective emergency response to personal injury and illness is virtually non-existent in Pakistan. Ambulances are few and are not necessarily staffed by medical personnel. Any emergency case should be transported immediately to a recommended emergency receiving room. Many U.S.-brand medications are not widely available, but generic brands from well-known pharmaceuticals usually are. The quality of the locally produced medications is uneven.

Pakistan Education

What is school like in Pakistan?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 2.1%
Literacy - female 35.2%
Literacy - male 61.7%
Literacy - total population 49.9%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 7 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 8 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 8 Years

Pakistan Literacy

Can people in Pakistan read?

Literacy - female 35.2%
Literacy - male 61.7%
Literacy - total population 49.9%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

Pakistan Crime

Is Pakistan a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Crime is a serious concern for foreigners throughout Pakistan. Carjacking, armed robberies, house invasions, and other violent crimes occur in many major urban areas. These crimes have also occurred infrequently in other areas. Petty crime, especially theft of personal property, is common. U.S. citizen travelers to Pakistan are strongly advised to avoid traveling by taxi and other forms of public transportation, and have members of their host organizations or families meet them at the airport. In the past, several U.S. citizen travelers arriving at the international airport in Lahore, who were met by their families, were robbed outside the airport of cash and jewelry, after being stopped by a car with fake government license plates. Such schemes are common. Travel outside urban centers should only be undertaken during daylight hours. The U.S. Embassy and Consulates have seen a large increase in the number of U.S. citizens alleging the loss of property or financial investment due to the unfair business practices of their Pakistani partners.

Don’t buy counterfeit or pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, you may be breaking local law too.

Forced Marriage: The U.S. government considers the issue of forced marriage to be a violation of basic human rights and in the case of minors, a form of child abuse. Forced marriage is defined as one in which one or both parties have not consented to the marriage; it differs from arranged marriage. Often, victims of forced marriage are subjected to non-consensual sex, physical and emotional abuse, isolation, and threats of violence. International law and conventions also support an individual's right to self-determination, minimum marriage ages, and the rejection of abuse of women and honor-based violence.

Pakistan Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Pakistan, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places, you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings, but the law on this subject is vague and applied indiscriminately. In some places, driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States. You can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Pakistan, your U.S. passport will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

Persons violating Pakistani laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Pakistan are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

Arrest notifications in host country: While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas. Please note that a consular officer might not be able to visit you for 15 working days or longer after your arrest in Pakistan.

In many countries around the world, counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law.

Pakistan Population Comparison

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