Oman Demographics

What is the population of Oman?

Population 4,664,844
Population - note note: immigrants make up over 40% of the total population, according to UN data
Population Growth Rate 2.06%
Urban Population 73.4%
Population in Major Urban Areas MUSCAT (capital) 743,000
Nationality Noun Omani(s)
Nationality Adjective Omani
Ethnic Groups Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
Languages Spoken Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Oman Health Information

What are the health conditions in Oman?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 31.7%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 3.4
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 86.1%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 7%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 95.5%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 2.3%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1%
HIV/Aids Deaths 90
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 1.8
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 14.15
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 14.76
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 14.46
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 32
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 20.9%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 1,100
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 2.05
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 3.4%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 97.3%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 94.7%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.86
Underweight - percent of children under five years 8.6%

Oman Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Oman?

Life Expectancy at Birth 74 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 76 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 72 Years
Median Age 24 Years
Median Age - female 23 Years
Median Age - male 25 Years

Oman Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Oman median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 24
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 3.4
Median Age 24 Years
Median Age - female 23 Years
Median Age - male 25 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -0.47
Population Growth Rate 2.06%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.1
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.41
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.2
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.22
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female 1.03

Oman Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Oman?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

There are a number of modern medical facilities in Oman. Local medical treatment varies from quite good to inadequate, depending in large part on location. Many Western pharmaceuticals can be found in Oman. Hospital emergency treatment is available. Doctors and hospitals often expect cash payment for health services.

Oman Education

What is school like in Oman?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.3%
Literacy - female 67.2%
Literacy - male 83.1%
Literacy - total population 81.4%
School Life Expectancy - female 14 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 13 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 14 Years

Oman Literacy

Can people in Oman read?

Literacy - female 67.2%
Literacy - male 83.1%
Literacy - total population 81.4%
Predominant Language Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Oman Crime

Is Oman a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

The incidence of street crime is low in Oman; violent crime is rare by U.S. standards, but can occur. Crimes of opportunity remain the most likely to affect visitors. Visitors to Oman should, therefore, take normal precautions, such as avoiding travel in deserted or unfamiliar areas and after dark. Visitors should also protect personal property from theft. In particular, valuables and currency should not be left unsecured in hotel rooms. Common sense and caution are always the best methods for crime prevention.

Do not buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Oman Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Oman, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places, driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States. You can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Oman, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not wherever you go.

Persons violating Oman's laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Oman are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. Oman prohibits pornographic materials and firearms. Local law limits each traveler to two bottles of alcohol. Items subject to confiscation at the airport due to content considered culturally inappropriate include, but are not limited to, compact discs, digital video discs, and video and audiocassettes. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender travelers should review the LGBT Travel Information page.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that Omani police and prison officials notify the U.S. Embassy as soon as you are arrested or detained.

Oman Population Comparison

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