Norway Economy

Is Norway a rich country?

Norway has a stable economy with a vibrant private sector, a large state sector, and an extensive social safety net. Norway opted out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994. However, as a member of the European Economic Area, Norway partially participates in the EU’s single market and contributes sizably to the EU budget.

The country is richly endowed with natural resources such as oil and gas, fish, forests, and minerals. Norway is a leading producer and the world’s second largest exporter of seafood, after China. The government manages the country’s petroleum resources through extensive regulation. The petroleum sector provides about 9% of jobs, 12% of GDP, 13% of the state’s revenue, and 37% of exports, according to official national estimates. Norway is one of the world's leading petroleum exporters, although oil production is close to 50% below its peak in 2000. Gas production, conversely, has more than doubled since 2000. Although oil production is historically low, it rose in 2016 for the third consecutive year due to the higher production of existing oil fields and to new fields coming on stream. Norway’s domestic electricity production relies almost entirely on hydropower.

In anticipation of eventual declines in oil and gas production, Norway saves state revenue from petroleum sector activities in the world's largest sovereign wealth fund, valued at over $1 trillion at the end of 2017. To help balance the federal budget each year, the government follows a "fiscal rule," which states that spending of revenues from petroleum and fund investments shall correspond to the expected real rate of return on the fund, an amount it estimates is sustainable over time. In February 2017, the government revised the expected rate of return for the fund downward from 4% to 3%.

After solid GDP growth in the 2004-07 period, the economy slowed in 2008, and contracted in 2009, before returning to modest, positive growth from 2010 to 2017. The Norwegian economy has been adjusting to lower energy prices, as demonstrated by growth in labor force participation and employment in 2017. GDP growth was about 1.5% in 2017, driven largely by domestic demand, which has been boosted by the rebound in the labor market and supportive fiscal policies. Economic growth is expected to remain constant or improve slightly in the next few years.

Norway Economy Data

What is the GDP of Norway?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $346,300,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $397,600,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 0.9%
GDP Per Capita $68,400.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 1.7%
GDP by Sector- Industry 38.9%
GDP by Sector- services 59.4%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 42.8%

government consumption: 22.8%

investment in fixed capital: 22.9%

investment in inventories: 5%

exports of goods and services: 36.4%

imports of goods and services: -29.9%
Inflation Rate 2.4%
Labor Force 2,590,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 2.2%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 20.2%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 77.6%
Unemployment Rate 3.6%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $226,800,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP 13.1%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 36%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 56.8%
Major Industries petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
Industrial Growth Rate 0.3%
Agriculture Products barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish
Currency Code Norwegian krone (NOK)
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 3.7%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Norway

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