Northern Mariana Islands Government

What is the capital of Northern Mariana Islands?

Country Name Northern Mariana Islands
Full Country Name Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Abbreviation CNMI
Former Name Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Mariana Islands District
Etymology- history of name formally claimed and named by Spain in 1667 in honor of the Spanish Queen, MARIANA of Austria
Government Type presidential democracy; a commonwealth in political union with the US
Capital Name Saipan
Capital - geographic coordinate 15 12 N, 145 45 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Independence none (commonwealth in political union with the US)
National Holiday Commonwealth Day, 8 January (1978)
Constitution partially effective 9 January 1978 (Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands); fully effective 4 November 1986 (Covenant Agreement); amended several times, last in 2012
Dependency Status commonwealth in political union with the US; federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the US Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs

Northern Mariana Islands Capital City Map

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Northern Mariana Islands Government and Politics

Who is the president of Northern Mariana Islands?

Executive Branch: chief of state: President Joseph R BIDEN Jr. (since 20 January 2021); Vice President Kamala HARRIS (since 20 January 2021); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Joseph R Biden (since 20 January 2021); Vice President Kamala HARRIS (since 20 January 2021)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president, approved by the Senate

elections/appointments: president and vice president indirectly elected on the same ballot by the Electoral College of 'electors' chosen from each state; president and vice president serve a 4-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 8 November 2020

election results: Joseph R BIDEN (Democrat) elected president; electoral vote - 306, Donald J. TRUMP (Republican Party) 232,
Citizenship Criteria: see United States
Legal System: US system applies, except for customs, wages, immigration laws, and taxation
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; note - indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
Legislative Branch: description: bicameral Northern Marianas Commonwealth Legislature consists of:

Senate (9 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms)

House of Representatives (20 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 2-year terms)

the Northern Mariana Islands directly elects 1 delegate to the US House of Representatives by simple majority vote to serve a 2-year term

elections:

CNMI Senate - last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held in November 2020)

CNMI House of Representatives - last held on 13 November 2018 (next to be held in November 2020)

Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands delegate to the US House of Representatives - last held on 13 November 2018 (next to be held in November 2020)

election results:

CNMI Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 6, independent 3; composition - men 8, women 1, percent of women 11.1%

CNMI House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 13, independent 7; composition - men 17, women 3, percent of women 15%; note - total CNMI Legislature percent of women 13.8%

delegate to US House of Representatives - seat won by Democratic Party; composition - 1 man

note: the Northern Mariana Islands delegate to the US House of Representatives can vote when serving on a committee and when the House meets as the "Committee of the Whole House" but not when legislation is submitted for a “full floor” House vote
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or CNMI (consists of the chief justice and 2 associate justices); US Federal District Court (consists of 1 judge); note - US Federal District Court jurisdiction limited to US federal laws; appeals beyond the Northern Mariana Islands Supreme Court are referred to the US Supreme Court

judge selection and term of office: judges of the Supreme Court of the CNMI appointed by the governor and confirmed by the CNMI Senate; judges appointed for 8-year terms and can serve another term if approved through voter election; US Federal District Court judges appointed by the US president and confirmed by the US Senate; judges appointed for renewable 10-year terms

subordinate courts: Superior Court
Regions or States: none (commonwealth in political union with the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 4 municipalities at the second order: Northern Islands, Rota, Saipan, Tinian
Political Parties and Leaders: Covenant Party [Benigno R. FITIAL]

Democratic Party [Dr. Carlos S. CAMACHO]

Republican Party [Juan S. REYES]
International Organization Participation: PIF (observer), SPC, UPU
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