Niger Demographics

What is the population of Niger?

Population 22,772,361
Population Growth Rate 3.32%
Urban Population 17.8%
Population in Major Urban Areas NIAMEY (capital) 1.297 million
Nationality Noun Nigerien(s)
Nationality Adjective Nigerien
Ethnic Groups Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
Languages Spoken French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Niger Health Information

What are the health conditions in Niger?

Animal Contact Disease (s) rabies
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 13.9%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 13.07
Diseases - note highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 42.1%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 47.7%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 98.7%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 5.3%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.8%
HIV/Aids Deaths 3,400
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population .31
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 83.17
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 92.64
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 87.98
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk very high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 590
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 18
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 2.4%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 61,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .02
Respiratory disease (s) meningococcal meningitis
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 91%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 32.9%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 3.8%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 7.03
Underweight - percent of children under five years 39.9%
Vectorborne Disease (s) malaria and dengue fever
Water contact disease (s) schistosomiasis

Niger Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Niger?

Life Expectancy at Birth 54 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 55 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 53 Years
Median Age 15 Years
Median Age - female 15 Years
Median Age - male 14 Years

Niger Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Niger median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 47
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 13.07
Median Age 15 Years
Median Age - female 15 Years
Median Age - male 14 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -0.6
Population Growth Rate 3.32%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female .98
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female 1.03

Niger Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Niger?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Health facilities are extremely limited in Niamey, and completely inadequate outside the capital. Although physicians are generally well trained, almost all hospitals in Niamey suffer from inadequate facilities, antiquated equipment, and shortages of supplies, particularly medicines. Emergency assistance is also extremely limited. Travelers must carry their own properly labeled supply of prescription drugs and preventative medicines.

Malaria is prevalent in Niger. Plasmodium falciparum malaria, the serious and sometimes fatal strain found in Niger, is resistant to the anti-malarial drug chloroquine. Because travelers to Niger are at high risk for contracting malaria, the CDC advises that travelers should take one of the following anti-malarial drugs: mefloquine (Lariam™), doxycycline, or atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone™). The CDC has determined that a traveler who is on an appropriate anti-malarial drug has a greatly reduced chance of contracting the disease. Other personal protective measures, such as the use of insect repellents, also help to reduce malaria risk. Travelers who become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in a malaria-risk area, and up to one year after returning home, should seek prompt medical attention and tell the physician their travel history and what anti-malarial drugs they have been taking.

Don’t drink tap water. It is unsafe to drink throughout Niger. Bottled water and beverages are safe, although visitors should be aware that many restaurants and hotels serve tap water. Ice made from tap water is also unsafe to consume.

Niger Education

What is school like in Niger?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.2%
Literacy - female 9.7%
Literacy - male 25.8%
Literacy - total population 28.7%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 5 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 6 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 5 Years

Niger Literacy

Can people in Niger read?

Literacy - female 9.7%
Literacy - male 25.8%
Literacy - total population 28.7%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Niger Crime

Is Niger a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

The crime rate, primarily for thefts, robberies, and residential break-ins, is high. Foreigners are vulnerable to bribery attempts and extortion by law enforcement authorities. Thefts and petty crimes are common day or night. Armed attacks can be committed at any time of day, generallyby groups of two to four persons, with one assailant confronting the victim with a weapon while the others provide surveillance or a show of force. There has also been an increase of daytime purse snatchings by thieves traveling in pairs on motorcycles. Tourists should not walk alone around the Gaweye Hotel, the National Museum, and on or near the Kennedy Bridge at any time, or the Petit Marche area after dark. These areas are especially prone to muggings – avoid them. Walking at night is not recommended as streetlights are scarce and criminals have the protection of darkness to commit their crimes. Recent criminal incidents in Niger have included carjacking, sexual assaults, home invasions, and muggings. Travelers should keep electronics out of sight, and always keep vehicle doors locked and windows rolled up when stopped at stoplights. Use caution and common sense at all times to avoid thieves and pickpockets.

In many countries around the world, counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available. You will find these products being sold on the streets, local shops, and in market places. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law. In addition, carrying them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines.

Niger Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Niger, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places, you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places, driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Niger, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

Persons violating Niger's laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Niger are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

Based on the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, bilateral agreements with certain countries, and customary international law, if you are arrested in Niger, you have the option to request that the police, prison officials, or other authorities alert the U.S. Embassy of your arrest, and to have communications from you forwarded to the U.S. Embassy.

Niger Population Comparison

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