Nicaragua Economy

Is Nicaragua a wealthy country?

Nicaragua's economy is characterized by a mix of agriculture, industry, and services, with agriculture historically being a significant sector.

Agriculture: Agriculture has traditionally been a crucial sector in Nicaragua's economy, employing a significant portion of the workforce and contributing to export earnings. Vital agricultural products include coffee, bananas, sugar, beef, tobacco, and various fruits and vegetables.

Industry: Nicaragua has a growing industrial sector, with manufacturing activities focused on food processing, beverages, textiles and apparel, construction materials, and machinery. The country has also attracted foreign investments in automotive harness manufacturing and light manufacturing sectors.

Services: Nicaragua's services sector encompasses a range of activities, including tourism, telecommunications, banking, retail, and transportation. Tourism, in particular, has seen growth in recent years, with Nicaragua's natural beauty, including beaches, volcanoes, and colonial cities, attracting visitors worldwide.

Exports and Trade: Nicaragua's main exports include coffee, beef, gold, seafood, sugar, and textiles. The United States is Nicaragua's largest trading partner in terms of exports and imports. The country also participates in regional trade agreements, such as the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), facilitating trade with the United States.

Challenges: Nicaragua faces several economic challenges, including poverty, inequality, and vulnerability to natural disasters such as hurricanes and droughts. Political instability and social unrest have also impacted the economy, affecting investor confidence and leading to a decline in foreign investment.

Infrastructure: Nicaragua has invested in infrastructure development, including roads, ports, and energy infrastructure. Improving infrastructure is crucial for supporting economic growth and attracting investment.

Government Policies: The Nicaraguan government has promoted economic development, including initiatives to attract foreign investment, support small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and diversify the economy. However, political tensions and concerns about democratic governance have raised uncertainty about the direction of economic policies in recent years.

Nicaragua Economy Data

What is the GDP of Nicaragua?

Currency Name and Code Nicaraguan Cordoba (NIO)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $34,980,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $12,320,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 4%
GDP Per Capita $5,000.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 18.1%
GDP by Sector- Industry 22.9%
GDP by Sector- services 58.9%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 82.7%

government consumption: 6.5%

investment in fixed capital: 28.8%

investment in inventories: 0%

exports of goods and services: 40.7%

imports of goods and services: -58.7%
Population Below Poverty Line 48%
Inflation Rate 4.7%
Labor Force 2,320,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 31%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 18%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 50%
Unemployment Rate 8%
Unemployment - note underemployment was 46.5% in 2008
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $1,421,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -0.3%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 130%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 25.6%
Major Industries food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood
Industrial Growth Rate 1.5%
Agriculture Products coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, tobacco, sesame, soya, beans; beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products
Exchange Rate per US Dollar gold cordoba (NIO)
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 14%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 223,992
Child Labor - note note: data represents children ages 5-17
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 12%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Nicaragua

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