New Caledonia Demographics

What is the population of New Caledonia?

Population 290,009
Population Growth Rate 1.45%
Urban Population 61.7%
Population in Major Urban Areas NOUMEA (capital) 157,000
Nationality Noun New Caledonian(s)
Nationality Adjective New Caledonian
Ethnic Groups Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
Languages Spoken French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

New Caledonia Health Information

What are the health conditions in New Caledonia?

Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 5.39
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 98.5%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 1.5%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 98.5%
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 4.49
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 6.54
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 5.54
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 100%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 100%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.02

New Caledonia Life Expectancy

How long do people live in New Caledonia?

Life Expectancy at Birth 77 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 81 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 73 Years
Median Age 30 Years
Median Age - female 31 Years
Median Age - male 30 Years

New Caledonia Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

New Caledonia median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 16
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 5.39
Median Age 30 Years
Median Age - female 31 Years
Median Age - male 30 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population 4.12
Population Growth Rate 1.45%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .81

New Caledonia Medical Information

What are the health conditions in New Caledonia?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical treatment on the main island is generally good but is more limited on the outer islands. The Centre Hospitalier Territorial in Noumea provides emergency and outpatient services, as does the smaller Centre Hospitalier Nord in Koumac in the northern part of the main island of New Caledonia and the Centre Hospitalier Est in Poindimie on the east coast of the main island. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services. Patients with more serious illnesses are often referred to Noumea, Australia, or France for treatment. In the event of a medical evacuation to Australia, you need to submit a referral from a doctor in New Caledonia, proof of acceptance by an Australian doctor, and proof of the patient's ability to pay for the medical treatment to Australian visa authorities to get a visa. Serious medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the United States can cost thousands of dollars.

New Caledonia Education

What is school like in New Caledonia?

Literacy - female 90%
Literacy - male 92%
Literacy - total population 96.2%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write

New Caledonia Literacy

Can people in New Caledonia read?

Literacy - female 90%
Literacy - male 92%
Literacy - total population 96.2%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

New Caledonia Crime

Is New Caledonia a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

The crime rate in New Caledonia is low; however, petty crime such as pick pocketing and purse-snatching does occur. Fights and assaults sometimes occur outside discotheques and bars, especially over weekends and holidays and at closing time.

Do not buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, you may be breaking local law too.

The import or possession of counterfeit items is a crime in New Caledonia and even having any such items in your baggage on arrival can lead to their seizure and serious fines for the person involved.

New Caledonia Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in New Caledonia, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In New Caledonia, you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you, and driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in New Caledonia, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going. While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

New Caledonia Population Comparison

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