New Caledonia Economy

Is New Caledonia a rich country?

New Caledonia has 11% of the world's nickel reserves, representing the second largest reserves on the planet. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to more than 15% of GDP - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy.

With the gradual increase in the production of two new nickel plants in 2015, average production of metallurgical goods stood at a record level of 94 thousand tons. However, the sector is exposed to the high volatility of nickel prices, which have been in decline since 2016. In 2017, one of the three major mining firms on the island, Vale, put its operations up for sale, triggering concerns of layoffs ahead of the 2018 independence referendum.

New Caledonia Economy Data

What is the GDP of New Caledonia?

Currency Name and Code CFP Franc (XPF)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $11,100,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $11,100,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 2.8%
GDP Per Capita $38,800.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 1.4%
GDP by Sector- Industry 26.4%
GDP by Sector- services 72.2%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 62.8%

government consumption: 25%

investment in fixed capital: 43.1%

investment in inventories: 0%

exports of goods and services: 21.9%

imports of goods and services: -52.8%
Inflation Rate 1.4%
Labor Force 102,600
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 20%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 20%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 60%
Unemployment Rate 17.1%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $996,000,000 (USD)
Major Industries nickel mining and smelting
Agriculture Products vegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products
Exchange Rate per US Dollar Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF); note - may adopt the euro in 2003

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by New Caledonia

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