Nepal Demographics

What is the population of Nepal?

Population 30,327,877
Population Growth Rate 1.81%
Urban Population 17%
Population in Major Urban Areas KATHMANDU (capital) 1.015 million
Nationality Noun Nepalese (singular and plural)
Nationality Adjective Nepalese
Ethnic Groups Brahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others (1995)
Languages Spoken Nepali (official; spoken by 90% of the population), about a dozen other languages and about 30 major dialects
Language Note As many as twenty major languages are spoken with many different dialects. The Nepali language is related to Hindi, which is the official language.

Nepal Health Information

What are the health conditions in Nepal?

Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 15-49 49.7%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.68
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 87.6%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 11.9%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 90.3%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 5.4%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.4%
HIV/Aids Deaths 4,100
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 4.7
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 41.71
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 41.8
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 41.76
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 170
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 20.1
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 1.4%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 64,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 21
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 63.3%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 51.2%
Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved 33.7%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.36
Underweight - percent of children under five years 29.1%
Vectorborne Disease (s) Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever

Nepal Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Nepal?

Life Expectancy at Birth 66 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 68 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 65 Years
Median Age 22 Years
Median Age - female 23 Years
Median Age - male 21 Years

Nepal Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Nepal median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 21
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.68
Median Age 22 Years
Median Age - female 23 Years
Median Age - male 21 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population 3.3
Population Growth Rate 1.81%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female .91
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .97
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .96
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .87

Nepal Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Nepal?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical care in Nepal is extremely limited and is generally not up to Western standards. Typical travel medical complaints can be addressed by the clinics in Kathmandu and some surgeries can be performed in the capital. However, serious illnesses often require evacuation to the nearest adequate medical facility (New Delhi, Singapore, or Bangkok). Illnesses and injuries suffered while hiking in remote areas often require evacuation by helicopter to Kathmandu. Those trekking in remote areas of Nepal should factor the high cost of a potential helicopter rescue into their financial considerations. Travelers are recommended to purchase medical evacuation insurance as medical evacuations can cost thousands of dollars and payment will be expected in cash before the medevac can take place if there is no insurance coverage. There is minimal mental health care available in Nepal. U.S. citizens with mental health problems are generally stabilized and transported to the United States or to another regional center for care. The U.S. Embassy in Kathmandu maintains a list of local medical facilities.

Stray dogs are common on the streets of Kathmandu. Visitors should be aware that stray dogs and monkeys may be infected with rabies. Any animal bites should be carefully handled and immediately brought to a medical practitioner’s attention.

Medical facilities are often overwhelmed due to insufficient resources. Emergency medical services are of poor quality compared to that available in the United States. Food hygiene and sanitary food handling practices are uncommon in Nepal and precautions should be taken to prevent water and food-borne illnesses.

Nepal Education

What is school like in Nepal?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.7%
Literacy - female 34.9%
Literacy - male 62.7%
Literacy - total population 48.6%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 13 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 12 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 12 Years

Nepal Literacy

Can people in Nepal read?

Literacy - female 34.9%
Literacy - male 62.7%
Literacy - total population 48.6%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Nepali (official; spoken by 90% of the population), about a dozen other languages and about 30 major dialects

Nepal Crime

Is Nepal a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Although still relatively low, crime in Kathmandu and throughout the country has risen in some categories and declined in others. In a number of recent cases, criminals were found to have used sophisticated scams to commit crimes, particularly in Kathmandu. In addition, there continue to be reports of robberies, burglaries, and sexual assaults involving foreigners, including in the popular tourist districts of Thamel and Bouddha in Kathmandu. Police also report that foreigners have from time to time had sedative drugs placed in their food or drink by individuals who seek to rob or otherwise take advantage of them. Visitors should avoid walking alone after dark, especially in areas experiencing power cuts, and should avoid carrying large sums of cash or wearing expensive jewelry.

In addition, visitors should consider exchanging money only at banks and hotels. There have been several reported incidents in which tourists have had their belongings stolen from their hotel rooms while they were asleep or away from their room. Valuables should be stored in the hotel safety deposit box and should never be left unattended in hotel rooms. Travelers should be especially alert at or near major tourist sites, including the Thamel district of Kathmandu, where pick-pocketing and bag-snatching are most common. It is recommended that passports and cash be carried in a protected neck pouch or money belt, not in a backpack or handbag.

Visitors to Nepal should also be vigilant against various scams. One of the most prevalent involves a request to carry jewelry to a business contact in another country. This scam often results in the unsuspecting tourist being forced to withdraw large sums of cash from his or her bank account and creates the risk of further penalties at the border. Please also see the section on Special Circumstances below regarding scams suffered by individuals coming to Nepal to volunteer at orphanages or other organizations. Nepali police forces have limited resources and lack sufficient manpower to effectively enforce law and order, as well as to pursue claims of fraud or petty crime. Their services are not up to Western standards. Many cases reported to the police remain unresolved.

Criminal activity in the Terai, the southern plains region of Nepal bordering India, remain at levels higher than the country as a whole. In the Terai, criminal groups sometimes extort funds and kidnap people, although this activity generally is not directed at U.S. citizens. Extortion tactics used by armed groups in the region include assault, vandalism, and low-level IED attacks.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Purchase of bootlegged goods is illegal in the United States, and may be illegal as well under local law. Do not agree to carry or store any packages from a stranger. There have been instances in which the packages concealed contraband material or drugs, and the foreigner who accepted the package was arrested by police for possessing the illegal substance.

Nepal Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Nepal, you are subject to its laws. Foreign laws and legal systems are vastly different from our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you do not have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. Driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in Nepal, but still illegal in the United States. Keep in mind that you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods in Nepal and bring them back to the United States. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country are crimes prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Nepal, your U.S. passport will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It is very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

Under the provisions of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, bilateral agreements with certain countries, and customary international law, if you are arrested in Nepal, you have the option to request that the police, prison officials, or other authorities alert the U.S. Embassy in Kathmandu and to have communications from you forwarded to the Embassy.

Nepal Population Comparison

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