Nepal Government

What is the capital of Nepal?

Country Name Nepal
Full Country Name none
Local - Long none
Local - Short Nepal
Etymology- history of name the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley and surrounding areas apparently gave their name to the country; the terms "Nepal," "Newar," "Nepar," and "Newal" are phonetically different forms of the same word
Government Type federal parliamentary republic
Capital Name Kathmandu
Capital - geographic coordinate 27 43 N, 85 19 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+5.75 (10.75 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Independence 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH)
National Holiday Constitution Day, 20 September (2015); note - marks the promulgation of Nepal’s constitution in 2015 and replaces the previous 28 May Republic Day as the official national day in Nepal; the Gregorian day fluctuates based on Nepal’s Hindu calendar
Constitution history: several previous; latest approved by the Second Constituent Assembly 16 September 2015, signed by the president and effective 20 September 2015

amendments: proposed as a bill by either house of the Federal Parliament; bills affecting a state border or powers delegated to a state must be submitted to the affected state assembly; passage of such bills requires a majority vote of that state assembly membership; bills not requiring state assembly consent require at least two-thirds majority vote by the membership of both houses of the Federal Parliament; parts of the constitution on the sovereignty, territorial integrity, independence, and sovereignty vested in the people cannot be amended; amended 2016, 2020

Nepal Capital City Map

Source: Google Maps

Nepal Government and Politics

Who is the president of Nepal?

Executive Branch: chief of state: President Ram Chandra POUDEL (since 13 March 2023); Vice President Ram Sahaya Prasad YADAV (since 20 March 2023)

head of government: Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal DAHAL (since 26 December 2022); Deputy Prime Ministers Narayan Kaji SHRESTHA (since 26 December 2022), Rabi LAMICHHANE (since 26 December 2022), Raghubir MAHASETH (since 6 March 2024), Upendra YADAV (since 10 March 2024) (an)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister; cabinet split between Nepali Congress, Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist Centre, and various coalition partners

elections/appointments: president indirectly elected by an electoral college of the Federal Parliament and of the state assemblies for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 9 March 2023 (next to be held in 2028)

election results: 2023: Ram Chandra POUDEL elected president; electoral college vote - Ram Chandra POUDEL (NC) 33,802, Subash Chandra NEMBANG (CPN-UML) 15,518
Citizenship Criteria: citizenship by birth: yes

citizenship by descent: yes

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 15 years
Legal System: English common law and Hindu legal concepts; note - new criminal and civil codes came into effect on 17 August 2018
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: bicameral Federal Parliament consists of:

National Assembly (59 seats; 56 members, including at least 3 women, 1 Dalit, 1 member with disabilities, or 1 minority indirectly elected by an electoral college of state and municipal government leaders, and 3 members, including 1 woman, nominated by the president of Nepal on the recommendation of the government; members serve 6-year terms with renewal of one-third of the membership every 2 years)

House of Representatives (275 seats; 165 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 110 members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by closed-list proportional representation vote, with a threshold of 3% overall valid vote to be allocated a seat; members serve 5-year terms); note - the House of Representatives was dissolved on 22 May 2021, but on 13 July, the Supreme Court directed its reinstatement


National Assembly - last held on 26 January 2022 (next to be held in 2024)

House of Representatives - last held on 20 November 2022 (next to be held in November 2027)

election results:

National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CPN-UML 42, NC 13, FSFN 2, RJPN 2; composition - men 37, women 22, percent of women 37.3%

House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NC 89, CPN-UML 78, CPN-MC 32, RSP 20, RPP 14, PSP-N 12, CPN (Unified Socialist) 10, Janamat Party 6, Loktantrik Samajwadi Party 4,

other 10; composition - men 184, women 91, percent of women 33.1%
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and up to 20 judges)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court chief justice appointed by the president upon the recommendation of the Constitutional Council, a 5-member, high-level advisory body headed by the prime minister; other judges appointed by the president upon the recommendation of the Judicial Council, a 5-member advisory body headed by the chief justice; the chief justice serves a 6-year term; judges serve until age 65

subordinate courts: High Court; district courts
Regions or States: 7 provinces (pradesh, singular - pradesh); Bagmati, Gandaki, Karnali, Koshi, Lumbini, Madhesh, Sudurpashchim
Political Parties and Leaders: Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) or CPN-MC [Pushpa Kamal DAHAL]

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) or CPN-UML [Khadga Prasad OLI]

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) or CPN-US [Madhav Kumar NEPAL]

Janamat Party [Chandra Kant RAUT]

Janata Samajbaadi Party or JSP [Upendra YADAV]

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party or LSP [Mahantha THAKUR]

Naya Shakti Party, Nepal [Baburam BHATTARAI]

Nepali Congress or NC [Sher Bahadur DEUBA]

Nepal Mazdoor Kisan Party (Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party) or NWPP [Narayan Man BIJUKCHHE]

Rastriya Janamorcha (National People's Front) [Chitra Bahadur K.C.]

Rastriya Prajatantra Party (National Democratic Party) or RPP [Rajendra Prasad LINGDEN]

Rastriya Swatantra Party or RSP [Rabi LAMICHHANE]
International Law Organization Participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
Diplomatic Representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Sridhar KHATRI (since 19 April 2022)

chancery: 2730 34th Place NW, Washington, DC 20007

telephone: [1] (202) 667-4550

FAX: [1] (202) 667-5534

email address and website:

consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic Representation from US: chief of mission: Ambassador Dean R. THOMPSON (since October 2022)

embassy: Maharajgunj, Kathmandu

mailing address: 6190 Kathmandu Place, Washington DC 20521-6190

telephone: [977] (1) 423-4000

FAX: [977] (1) 400-7272

email address and website:
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