Namibia Demographics

What is the population of Namibia?

Population 2,630,073
Population - note note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population Growth Rate 0.75%
Urban Population 38.4%
Population in Major Urban Areas WINDHOEK (capital) 380,000
Nationality Noun Namibian(s)
Nationality Adjective Namibian
Ethnic Groups black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
Languages Spoken English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama

Namibia Health Information

What are the health conditions in Namibia?

Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 15-49 55.1%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 13.33
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 87.4%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 8.3%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 98.4%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 5.3%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 13.1%
HIV/Aids Deaths 5,000
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 2.7
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 42.46
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 48.68
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 45.62
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 200
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 21.4
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 9.5%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 180,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .37
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 67.8%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 56.1%
Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved 16.9%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.33
Underweight - percent of children under five years 17.5%
Vectorborne Disease (s) malaria
Water contact disease (s) schistosomiasis

Namibia Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Namibia?

Life Expectancy at Birth 52 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 51 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 52 Years
Median Age 22 Years
Median Age - female 22 Years
Median Age - male 22 Years

Namibia Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Namibia median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 21
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 13.33
Median Age 22 Years
Median Age - female 22 Years
Median Age - male 22 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population .1
Population Growth Rate 0.75%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.09
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .78

Namibia Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Namibia?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Windhoek has a small number of private medical hospitals and clinics capable of providing emergency care and performing many routine procedures. Doctors – both general practitioners and specialists – as well as dentists generally have training and facilities that are comparable to U.S. standards. Facilities outside the capital vary widely. Several large towns have well-equipped facilities similar to those available in Windhoek, while smaller towns generally do not. Malaria is prevalent only in the north of the country. Malaria prophylaxis is not required in Windhoek, but is suggested for travel to the north.

Namibia Education

What is school like in Namibia?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 8.4%
Literacy - female 83.7%
Literacy - male 84.4%
Literacy - total population 85%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 11 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 11 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 11 Years

Namibia Literacy

Can people in Namibia read?

Literacy - female 83.7%
Literacy - male 84.4%
Literacy - total population 85%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama

Namibia Crime

Is Namibia a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Crime is a serious concern in Namibia, but visitors who employ common-sense preventive measures normally enjoy an incident-free stay. Incidents of violent crime directed specifically against U.S. citizens or other foreigners are rare. The most common crimes are property-motivated crimes of opportunity, including pick-pocketing, purse snatching, vehicle theft, and vehicle break-ins. Such crimes most commonly occur in the central business districts of cities, or other areas frequently visited by foreign tourists, both at night and during the day.

Basic precautions remain the best deterrents against becoming a victim. Be alert to your surroundings, avoid dark or isolated areas, don’t leave valuables in parked cars, and keep car doors locked and windows up while driving. Safeguard purses, wallets, and cellular phones while in public. Drivers should also exercise caution at rest stops between towns; whenever possible, avoid driving or making rest stops by the road at night.

Take special care when utilizing a taxi or other transportation service. Criminals posing as taxi drivers have occasionally robbed passengers in the past. The Namibia Bus and Taxi Association (NABTA) has taken steps to regulate taxi drivers by allocating registration numbers (one alphabetical designation followed by a two-digit number), which are prominently pasted on the doors and rear windscreens of legitimate taxis. Generally, travelers are more likely to find a legitimate taxi service if booked through a hotel rather than by flagging down a driver randomly on the street. Whatever your circumstance, be cautious and aware of your surroundings when utilizing taxi services; take note of the vehicle license and taxi registration numbers, as well as the name of your driver.

ATM and Credit Card Fraud is becoming more sophisticated and more common in Namibia. ATM users should be suspicious of any unknown person approaching while at an ATM, even if that person appears to be offering assistance. A variety of distraction schemes have been used to steal money or information from tourists at ATMs. Perpetrators may also use card-reading or card-trapping devices attached to ATMs to procure PIN codes or other important personal information. Carefully inspect an ATM before using it and, whenever possible, try to use ATMs which are enclosed and/or under guard.

While most business establishments deal honestly, some may have individual employees who use card-reading machines to steal information when patrons pay with a credit card. This can be done with hand-held devices in a matter of seconds. Whenever possible, pay with cash. If you must use a credit card, then it is best to observe the transaction closely as it is processed, and to ensure that the card is not taken out of your sight. Many banks and credit card companies have the capacity to send automatic “alerts” by e-mail or text message when a card has been used. Before traveling, inquire whether your bank or credit card issuer will provide such services.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, you may be breaking local law too.

The government has also begun to establish “Tourist Protection Units” (TPUs) which are mandated to carefully monitor criminal activity in areas frequented by tourists and to assist tourists victimized by crime. TPUs exist in Windhoek and in Swakopmund. If you are a victim of crime in one of these cities, please contact:

Windhoek Main Police Station

061-209-4339

Swakopmund Police Station

064-405-558

Namibia Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Namibia, you are subject to its laws. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places, you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places, driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States. For example, you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Namibia, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

U.S. citizens should avoid purchasing diamonds and other protected resources outside of licensed retail establishments. The penalty for illegal dealing in diamonds in Namibia is stiff – up to U.S. $20,000 in fines or five years in prison – and the courts generally impose the maximum sentence. The purchase and exportation of other protected resources (for example, elephant ivory or hunting trophies from certain endangered species) may also be prohibited by Namibian, international, and/or U.S. law.

Based on the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, bilateral agreements with certain countries, and customary international law, if you are arrested in Namibia, you have the option to request that the police, prison officials, or other authorities alert the U.S. Embassy of your arrest, and to have communications from you forwarded to the U.S. Embassy.

Namibia Population Comparison

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