Mozambique Demographics

What is the population of Mozambique?

Population 30,098,197
Population - note note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population Growth Rate 2.44%
Urban Population 31.2%
Population in Major Urban Areas MAPUTO (capital) 1.15 million; Matola 790,000
Nationality Noun Mozambican(s)
Nationality Adjective Mozambican
Ethnic Groups indigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, Makua, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
Languages Spoken Portuguese (official), indigenous dialects

Mozambique Health Information

What are the health conditions in Mozambique?

Animal Contact Disease (s) rabies
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 11.6%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 12.57
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 35%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 50.8%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 80.3%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 6.6%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 11.5%
HIV/Aids Deaths 76,800
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population .7
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 72.43
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 76.78
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 74.63
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk very high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 490
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 18.8
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.9%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 1,400,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .03
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 79%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 43.6%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 10.7%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 5.34
Underweight - percent of children under five years 15.6%
Vectorborne Disease (s) malaria and dengue fever
Water contact disease (s) schistosomiasis

Mozambique Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Mozambique?

Life Expectancy at Birth 52 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 53 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 51 Years
Median Age 16 Years
Median Age - female 17 Years
Median Age - male 16 Years

Mozambique Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Mozambique median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 39
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 12.57
Median Age 16 Years
Median Age - female 17 Years
Median Age - male 16 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -2.07
Population Growth Rate 2.44%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female .95
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female .88
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .95
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .95
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .85

Mozambique Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Mozambique?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical facilities are rudimentary, and most medical providers do not speak fluent English. Medicines are not always consistently available. There are both public and private medical facilities in the city of Maputo and most provincial capitals. All health care institutions and providers require payment at the time of service, and may even require payment before providing service. While some private clinics accept credit cards, many medical facilities do not. Doctors and hospitals outside Maputo generally expect immediate cash payment for health services. Outside of Maputo, available medical care ranges from very basic to nonexistent.

Mozambique Education

What is school like in Mozambique?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 5%
Literacy - female 32.7%
Literacy - male 63.5%
Literacy - total population 47.8%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 9 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 10 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 10 Years

Mozambique Literacy

Can people in Mozambique read?

Literacy - female 32.7%
Literacy - male 63.5%
Literacy - total population 47.8%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Portuguese (official), indigenous dialects

Mozambique Crime

Is Mozambique a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Although the vast majority of visitors complete their travels in Mozambique without incident, the most serious threat facing U.S. citizens visiting Mozambique is crime. Street crimes, including mugging, purse-snatching, and pick-pocketing are common, both in Maputo and in secondary cities. Carjackings have become rare, but still do happen. Visitors must be vigilant when out in public areas and should not display jewelry or other items —even those of low value, like cell phones and personal music devices. Avoid isolated areas. Joggers and pedestrians have frequently been mugged, even during daylight hours. Visitors should take caution when walking at night, even in well-known tourist areas. Due to an increase in violent crime, pedestrian activity is discouraged on Maputo's Avenida Marginal between the Southern Sun hotel (formerly the Holiday Inn) and the Waterfront Restaurant.

Mozambican police do not operate at the standard that U.S. citizens are accustomed to in the United States. Visitors should not expect the same level of police service.

Many airline trips from Mozambique to the United States, Europe, or African destinations transit Johannesburg, South Africa. Baggage pilferage is an ongoing problem at Johannesburg's Oliver Tambo International Airport. Travelers are encouraged to secure their luggage, use an airport plastic wrapping service, and avoid placing currency, electronics, jewelry, cameras, cosmetics, running shoes, or other valuables in checked luggage. Having a complete inventory of items placed in checked baggage can aid in processing a claim if theft does occur.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Mozambique Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Mozambique, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places, driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods.Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Mozambique, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not wherever you go.

Persons violating Mozambican laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested or imprisoned. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Mozambique are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

Arrest notifications in Mozambique: While some countries will automatically notify the U.S. embassy if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the U.S. embassy as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

Mozambique Population Comparison

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