Morocco Economy

Is Morocco a wealthy country?

Morocco has capitalized on its proximity to Europe and relatively low labor costs to work towards building a diverse, open, market-oriented economy. Key sectors of the economy include agriculture, tourism, aerospace, automotive, phosphates, textiles, apparel, and subcomponents. Morocco has increased investment in its port, transportation, and industrial infrastructure to position itself as a center and broker for business throughout Africa. Industrial development strategies and infrastructure improvements - most visibly illustrated by a new port and free trade zone near Tangier - are improving Morocco's competitiveness.

In the 1980s, Morocco was a heavily indebted country before pursuing austerity measures and pro-market reforms, overseen by the IMF. Since taking the throne in 1999, King MOHAMMED VI has presided over a stable economy marked by steady growth, low inflation, and gradually falling unemployment, although poor harvests and economic difficulties in Europe contributed to an economic slowdown. To boost exports, Morocco entered into a bilateral Free Trade Agreement with the US in 2006 and an Advanced Status agreement with the EU in 2008. In late 2014, Morocco eliminated subsidies for gasoline, diesel, and fuel oil, dramatically reducing outlays that weighed on the country’s budget and current account. Subsidies on butane gas and certain food products remain in place. Morocco also seeks to expand its renewable energy capacity with a goal of making renewable more than 50% of installed electricity generation capacity by 2030.

Despite Morocco's economic progress, the country suffers from high unemployment, poverty, and illiteracy, particularly in rural areas. Key economic challenges for Morocco include reforming the education system and the judiciary.

Morocco Economy Data

What is the GDP of Morocco?

Currency Name and Code Moroccan Dirham (MAD)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $259,420,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $103,100,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 4.9%
GDP Per Capita $8,300.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 13.8%
GDP by Sector- Industry 29%
GDP by Sector- services 57.2%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 60.2%

government consumption: 19.1%

investment in fixed capital: 28.5%

investment in inventories: 2.6%

exports of goods and services: 34.4%

imports of goods and services: -44.8%
Population Below Poverty Line 15%
Inflation Rate 2.5%
Labor Force 11,630,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 44.6%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 19.8%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 35.5%
Unemployment Rate 9.8%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $23,420,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -8%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 72.3%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 24.9%
Major Industries phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism
Industrial Growth Rate 4.4%
Agriculture Products barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock
Exchange Rate per US Dollar Moroccan dirham (MAD)
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 8%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 500,960
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 6.3%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Morocco

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