Moldova Government

What is the capital of Moldova?

Country Name Moldova
Full Country Name Republic of Moldova
Local - Long Republica Moldova
Local - Short Moldova
Former Name Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic
Etymology- history of name named for the Moldova River in neighboring eastern Romania
Government Type parliamentary republic
Capital Name Chisinau in Romanian (Kishinev in Russian)
Capital - geographic coordinate 47 00 N, 28 51 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Independence 27 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
National Holiday Independence Day, 27 August (1991)
Constitution history: previous 1978; latest adopted 29 July 1994, effective 27 August 1994

amendments: proposed by voter petition (at least 200,000 eligible voters), by one-third of Parliament members, or by the government; passage requires two-thirds majority vote of Parliament within one year of initial proposal; revisions to constitutional articles on sovereignty, independence, and neutrality require majority vote by referendum; articles on fundamental rights and freedoms cannot be amended; amended several times, last in 2010; note – in early 2016, a Moldovan Constitutional Court decision allowed for direct presidential elections, reversing a constitutional amendment allowing Parliament to select the president

Moldova Capital City Map

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Moldova Government and Politics

Who is the president of Moldova?

Executive Branch: chief of state: President Igor DODON (since 23 December 2016); note – in 2017-19, DODON was temporarily suspended several times by the Moldovan Constitutional Court for rejecting ministerial appointments and for refusing to sign legislation

head of government: Prime Minister Ion CHICU (since 14 November 2019)

cabinet: Cabinet proposed by the prime minister-designate, nominated by the president, approved through a vote of confidence in Parliament

elections/appointments: president directly elected for a 4-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 13 November 2016 (next to be held in fall 2020); prime minister designated by the president upon consultation with Parliament; within 15 days from designation, the prime minister-designate must request a vote of confidence for his/her proposed work program from the Parliament

election results: Igor DODON elected president; percent of vote - Igor DODON (PSRM) 52.2%, Maia SANDU (PAS) 47.8%; Ion CHICU designated prime minister; Parliament vote - 62 of 101
Citizenship Criteria: citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Moldova

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Legal System: civil law system with Germanic law influences; Constitutional Court review of legislative acts
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: unicameral Parliament (101 seats; 51 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 50 members directly elected in a single, nationwide constituency by closed party-list proportional representation vote; all members serve 4-year terms

elections: last held on 24 February 2019 (next scheduled for February 2023)

election results: percent of vote by party - PSRM 31.2%, ACUM (PPDA + PAS) 26.8%, PDM 23.6%, PS 8.3%, other 10.1%; seats by party - PSRM 35, ACUM (PPDA + PAS) 26, PDM 30, PS 7, independent 3; composition - men 78, women 23, percent of women 22.8%
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (consists of a chief judge, 3 deputy-chief judges, 45 judges, and 7 assistant judges); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 6 judges); note - the Constitutional Court is autonomous to the other branches of government; the Court interprets the Constitution and reviews the constitutionality of parliamentary laws and decisions, decrees of the president, and acts of the government

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court of Justice judges appointed by Parliament upon the recommendation of the Supreme Council of the Magistracy; all judges serve 4-year renewable terms; Constitutional Court judges appointed 2 each by Parliament, the Moldovan president, and the Higher Council of Magistracy; court president elected by other court judges for a 3-year term; other judges appointed for 6-year terms
Regions or States: 32 raions (raioane, singular - raion), 3 municipalities (municipii, singular - municipiul), 1 autonomous territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala autonoma), and 1 territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala)

raions: Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemir, Calarasi, Causeni, Cimislia, Criuleni, Donduseni, Drochia, Dubasari, Edinet, Falesti, Floresti, Glodeni, Hincesti, Ialoveni, Leova, Nisporeni, Ocnita, Orhei, Rezina, Riscani, Singerei, Soldanesti, Soroca, Stefan-Voda, Straseni, Taraclia, Telenesti, Ungheni

municipalities: Balti, Bender, Chisinau

autonomous territorial unit: Gagauzia

territorial unit: Stinga Nistrului (Transnistria)
Political Parties and Leaders: represented in Parliament:

Communist Party of the Republic of Moldova or PCRM [Vladimir VORONIN]

Democratic Party of Moldova or PDM [Marian LUPU]

Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova or PLDM [Valeriu STRELET, acting]

Liberal Party or PL [Mihai GHIMPU]

Socialist Party of the Republic of Moldova or PSRM [Zinaida GRECEANII, acting]

not represented in Parliament:

Action and Solidarity Party or PAS [Maia SANDU]

Anti-Mafia Movement or MPA [Sergiu MOCANU]

Centrist Union of Moldova or UCM [Mihai PETRACHE]

Christian Democratic People's Party or PPCD [Iurie ROSCA]

Conservative Party or PC [Natalia NIRCA]

Democracy at Home Party or PPDA [Vasile COSTIUC]

Democratic Action Party or PAD [Mihai GODEA]

Dignity and Truth Platform or PDA [Andrei NASTASE]

Ecologist Green Party or PVE [Anatolie PROHNITCHI]

European People’s Party of Moldova or EPPM [Iurie LEANCA]

Popular Democratic Party of Moldova or PPDM [Valeriu PASAT]

Labor Party or PM [Marcel DARIE]

Liberal Reformers Party or PLR [Ion HADARCA]

“Motherland” Party or PP [Emilian CIOBU]

National Liberal Party or PNL [Vitalia PAVLICENKO]

Our Home Moldova or PCNM [Grigore PETRENCO]

Our Party or PN [Renato USATII]

People’s Party of Moldova or PPRM [Alexandru OLEINIC]

Progressive Society Party or PSP [Oleg MATVEI]

Regions Party of Moldova or PRM [Alexandr KALININ]

“Right” Party or PD [Ana GUTU]

Russian-Slavean Party of Moldova or PRSM [Oleg TOPOLNITKI]

Shor Party or PS [Ilan SHOR]

Social Democratic Party or PSD [Victor SELIN]

Social-Political Movement “New Force” or MFN [Valeriu PLESCA]

Socialist People’s Party of Moldova or PPSM [Victor STEPANIUC]

United Moldova Party or PMUEM [Vladimir TURCAN]
International Law Organization Participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Diplomatic Representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Veaceslav PITUSCAN (since 26 August 2015)

chancery: 2101 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 667-1130

FAX: [1] (202) 667-1204
Diplomatic Representation from US: chief of mission: Ambassador James D. PETTIT (since 29 January 2015)

embassy: 103 Mateevici Street, Chisinau MD-2009

mailing address: use embassy street address

telephone: [373] (22) 40-8300

FAX: [373] (22) 23-3044
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