Mauritania Economy

Is Mauritania a wealthy country?

Mauritania's economy is dominated by extractive industries (oil and mines), fisheries, livestock, agriculture, and services. Half the population still depends on farming and raising livestock, even though many nomads and subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s, 1980s, 2000s, and 2017. Recently, GDP growth has been driven largely by foreign investment in the mining and oil sectors.

Mauritania's extensive mineral resources include iron ore, gold, copper, gypsum, and phosphate rock, and exploration is ongoing for tantalum, uranium, crude oil, and natural gas. Extractive commodities make up about three-quarters of Mauritania's total exports, subjecting the economy to price swings in world commodity markets. Mining is also a growing source of government revenue, rising from 13% to 30% of total revenue from 2006 to 2014. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world, and fishing accounts for about 15% of budget revenues, 45% of foreign currency earnings. Mauritania processes a total of 1,800,000 tons of fish per year, but overexploitation by foreign and national fleets threaten the sustainability of this key source of revenue.

The economy is highly sensitive to international food and extractive commodity prices. Other risks to Mauritania's economy include its recurring droughts, dependence on foreign aid and investment, and insecurity in neighboring Mali, as well as significant shortages of infrastructure, institutional capacity, and human capital. In December 2017, Mauritania and the IMF agreed to a three year agreement under the Extended Credit Facility to foster economic growth, maintain macroeconomic stability, and reduce poverty. Investment in agriculture and infrastructure are the largest components of the country’s public expenditures.

Mauritania Economy Data

What is the GDP of Mauritania?

Currency Name and Code Ouguiya (MRO)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $23,170,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $4,677,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 4.1%
GDP Per Capita $4,500.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 23.2%
GDP by Sector- Industry 37.4%
GDP by Sector- services 39.4%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 50.6%

government consumption: 30.7%

investment in fixed capital: 41%

investment in inventories: 6.6%

exports of goods and services: 24.3%

imports of goods and services: -53.2%
Population Below Poverty Line 40%
Inflation Rate 7.3%
Labor Force 1,318,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 50%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 2%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 48%
Unemployment Rate 30%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $770,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -0.6%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 40.1%
Major Industries fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum
Industrial Growth Rate 2%
Agriculture Products dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, dates; cattle, sheep
Exchange Rate per US Dollar ouguiya (MRO)
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 16%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 127,251
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 18%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Mauritania

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