Liberia Demographics

What is the population of Liberia?

Population 5,073,296
Population Growth Rate 2.56%
Urban Population 48.2%
Population in Major Urban Areas MONROVIA (capital) 750,000
Nationality Noun Liberian(s)
Nationality Adjective Liberian
Ethnic Groups indigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (
Languages Spoken English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence

Liberia Health Information

What are the health conditions in Liberia?

Animal Contact Disease (s) rabies
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 11.4%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 10.12
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 63%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 25.4%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 86.8%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 19.5%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.5%
HIV/Aids Deaths 1,700
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population .8
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 66.47
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 75.25
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 70.93
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk very high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 770
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 19.1
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.8%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 37,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .01
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 83.2%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 28.4%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 5.9%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 4.92
Underweight - percent of children under five years 20.4%
Vectorborne Disease (s) malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
Water contact disease (s) schistosomiasis

Liberia Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Liberia?

Life Expectancy at Birth 57 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 59 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 56 Years
Median Age 17 Years
Median Age - female 18 Years
Median Age - male 17 Years

Liberia Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Liberia median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 36
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 10.12
Median Age 17 Years
Median Age - female 18 Years
Median Age - male 17 Years
Population Growth Rate 2.56%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female .95
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .99
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female 1.01

Liberia Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Liberia?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Hospitals and medical facilities in Liberia are very poorly equipped and are incapable of providing many services. Emergency services comparable to those in the U.S. or Europe are non-existent, and the blood supply is unreliable and unsafe for transfusion. For serious medical problems, U.S. citizens in Liberia should consider traveling to the United States, Europe, or South Africa for treatment. Medicines are scarce, often beyond expiration dates, and generally unavailable in most areas. As there is neither an effective garbage removal service nor a functioning sewer system, sanitation throughout urban areas is very poor, which increases the potential for disease. Upper respiratory infections and diarrhea are common, as well as more serious diseases such as typhoid and malaria. All travelers to Liberia must be vaccinated against yellow fever and should carry a supply of all prescription medication, including anti-malaria medication, adequate for their entire stay. A typhoid vaccination is also recommended.

Liberia Education

What is school like in Liberia?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 2.8%
Literacy - female 41.6%
Literacy - male 73.3%
Literacy - total population 57.5%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 9 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 12 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 11 Years

Liberia Literacy

Can people in Liberia read?

Literacy - female 41.6%
Literacy - male 73.3%
Literacy - total population 57.5%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence

Liberia Crime

Is Liberia a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

While incidence of crime in Liberia is high, most crimes that occur within the expat community are crimes of opportunity (which increase during the hours of darkness), to include residential burglary or armed robbery (with use of a knife or machete). Criminal activity has been reported in both urban and rural areas. The Liberian National Police have limited capacity to respond to crime events, thus, crime is much higher in Liberian communities where police are not visible. Driving in Monrovia presents a danger to residents and visitors, as traffic laws are either nonexistent or not enforced by police. Traffic accidents are frequent and often result in injury or loss of life. The police are poorly equipped and largely incapable of providing effective protection or investigation.

Perpetrators of business fraud often target foreigners, including U.S. citizens. Formerly associated with Nigeria, these fraud schemes are now prevalent throughout western Africa, including Liberia, and pose a danger of both financial loss and physical harm. An increasing number of U.S. citizens have been the targets of such scams. The best way to avoid becoming a victim of fraud is common sense – if it looks too good to be true, it probably is. U.S. citizens should carefully check any unsolicited business proposal originating in Liberia before committing any funds, providing any goods or services, or undertaking any travel, particularly if the proposal involves the mining or sale of gold and diamonds. There has also been an increase in the number of Liberian/American Internet relationships in which there are eventual requests for financial assistance under fraudulent pretenses.

Petty corruption is rampant; poorly paid government officials may ask for fees for doing their job. Travelers may be inconvenienced for not paying them.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, you may also be breaking local law.

Liberia Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in another country, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places, you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places, driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods or engage in child pornography. While you are overseas, U.S. law may not apply. If you do something illegal overseas, your U.S. passport won’t shield you from local prosecution. It is very important to familiarize yourself with local laws, customs, and practices.

Persons violating Liberian laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Liberia are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

Photographing military installations, air and sea ports, and important government buildings is prohibited. Visitors should not take photographs of sites or activities that might be considered sensitive, as police are liable to confiscate the camera.

If you are arrested in Liberia, you have the right to request authorities alert the U.S. Embassy of your arrest.

Liberia Population Comparison

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