Kuwait Economy

Is Kuwait a rich country?

Kuwait has a geographically small, but wealthy, relatively open economy with crude oil reserves of about 102 billion barrels - more than 6% of world reserves. Kuwaiti officials plan to increase production to 4 million barrels of oil equivalent per day by 2020. Petroleum accounts for over half of GDP, 92% of export revenues, and 90% of government income.

With world oil prices declining, Kuwait realized a budget deficit in 2015 for the first time more than a decade; in 2016, the deficit grew to 16.5% of GDP. Kuwaiti authorities announced cuts to fuel subsidies in August 2016, provoking outrage among the public and National Assembly, and the Amir dissolved the government for the seventh time in ten years. In 2017 the deficit was reduced to 7.2% of GDP, and the government raised $8 billion by issuing international bonds. Despite Kuwait’s dependence on oil, the government has cushioned itself against the impact of lower oil prices, by saving annually at least 10% of government revenue in the Fund for Future Generations.

Kuwait has failed to diversify its economy or bolster the private sector, because of a poor business climate, a large public sector that employs about 74% of citizens, and an acrimonious relationship between the National Assembly and the executive branch that has stymied most economic reforms. The Kuwaiti Government has made little progress on its long-term economic development plan first passed in 2010. While the government planned to spend up to $104 billion over four years to diversify the economy, attract more investment, and boost private sector participation in the economy, many of the projects did not materialize because of an uncertain political situation or delays in awarding contracts. To increase non-oil revenues, the Kuwaiti Government in August 2017 approved draft bills supporting a Gulf Cooperation Council-wide value added tax scheduled to take effect in 2018

Kuwait Economy Data

What is the GDP of Kuwait?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $282,600,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $123,200,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 1.2%
GDP Per Capita $72,200.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 0.4%
GDP by Sector- Industry 59.4%
GDP by Sector- services 40.2%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 36.1%

government consumption: 25.4%

investment in fixed capital: 20.2%

investment in inventories: 0%

exports of goods and services: 55.5%

imports of goods and services: -37.2%
Inflation Rate 3.8%
Labor Force 2,154,000
Unemployment Rate 2.2%
Fiscal Year 1 April - 31 March
Annual Budget $64,810,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP 29.2%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 17.6%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 63.6%
Major Industries petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Industrial Growth Rate 2.1%
Agriculture Products practically no crops; fish
Currency Code Kuwaiti dinar (KD)
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 4.9%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Kuwait

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