Kazakhstan Demographics

What is the population of Kazakhstan?

Population 19,091,949
Population Growth Rate 1.2%
Urban Population 53.6%
Population in Major Urban Areas Almaty 1.426 million; ASTANA (capital) 664,000
Nationality Noun Kazakhstani(s)
Nationality Adjective Kazakhstani
Ethnic Groups Kazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Uygur 1.4%, other 6.6% (1999 census)
Languages Spoken Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95%
Language Note Kazakhstan is in the process of changing the alphabet from Cyrillic to Latin.

Kazakhstan Health Information

What are the health conditions in Kazakhstan?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 51%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 8.43
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 86%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 6.9%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 99.2%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 3.9%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1%
HIV/Aids Deaths 450
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 7.6
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 19.75
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 25.07
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 22.32
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 51
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 27.6
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 23.7%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 13,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 3.84
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 2.5%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 97%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 98%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.38
Underweight - percent of children under five years 3.7%

Kazakhstan Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Kazakhstan?

Life Expectancy at Birth 69 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 74 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 64 Years
Median Age 29 Years
Median Age - female 30 Years
Median Age - male 28 Years

Kazakhstan Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Kazakhstan median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 20
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 8.43
Median Age 29 Years
Median Age - female 30 Years
Median Age - male 28 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population .42
Population Growth Rate 1.2%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female .95
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .92
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female .94
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .92
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .52

Kazakhstan Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Kazakhstan?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical care in Kazakhstan is limited and well below North American and West European standards. The U.S. Embassy maintains a list of English-speaking physicians. Elderly travelers and those with pre-existing health problems may be at risk due to inadequate medical facilities. Most resident U.S. citizens travel to Western Europe for serious medical treatment. Such travel can be extremely expensive if undertaken under emergency conditions. Travelers requiring prescription medications or specific brand-name medicines should bring sufficient supplies of medications and not rely on local availability.

Kazakhstan Education

What is school like in Kazakhstan?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 3.1%
Literacy - female 97.7%
Literacy - male 99.1%
Literacy - total population 99.5%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 15 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 15 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 15 Years

Kazakhstan Literacy

Can people in Kazakhstan read?

Literacy - female 97.7%
Literacy - male 99.1%
Literacy - total population 99.5%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95%

Kazakhstan Crime

Is Kazakhstan a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Travelers in Kazakhstan should exercise the same precautions concerning personal safety and protection of valuables as they would in any major U.S. city. Using good judgment and avoiding high-risk areas can reduce the crime threat. The most common crimes foreign tourists encounter are purse snatching, pick pocketing, assaults, and robberies. Pick pocketing or robberies occur most frequently in the vicinity of Western hotels, transportation sites, and at open-air markets, including the central open-air market in Almaty (known locally as the "Green Market"). U.S. citizens are advised to exercise caution in the vicinity of hotels, bus or train stations, and when shopping. U.S. Mission Kazakhstan strongly recommends that U.S. citizens do not carry large sums of money on the street.

Identification checks by the police are common practice. U.S. visitors must produce either a passport or an Embassy-certified copy thereof upon request. Police are not required to demonstrate probable cause or reasonable suspicion to initiate ID checks. U.S. citizens may obtain a certified copy of their passport and visa from the U.S. Embassy in Astana or U.S. Consulate General in Almaty during American Citizens Services hours. Please check the U.S. Mission Kazakhstan website for the American Citizens Services hours in Almaty and Astana.

Be wary of persons representing themselves as police or other local officials. It is not uncommon for U.S. citizens to become victims of harassment and extortion by imposters, genuine law enforcement, and other officials. A genuine police official should always present his own credentials when approaching someone on the street. If the officer cannot produce identification, he is most likely an imposter. Never voluntarily hand over your wallet to a police officer. If pressured, tell the officer that you will report his behavior to the U.S. Embassy in Astana or Consulate General in Almaty and the officer’s supervisors. Authorities are concerned about these incidents and have cooperated in investigating such cases. Try to obtain the officer's name, badge number, and license plate number, and note where the incident happened because this information assists local officials in identifying the perpetrators. Report crimes committed against you by persons presenting themselves as police or other governmental authorities to a police station and the U.S. Embassy in Astana or Consulate General in Almaty.

The "lost wallet" scam continues to be common in Kazakhstan. One version of this scam involves the discovery of a lost wallet in your presence. A first person will discover the wallet and offer to divide its contents with you. Then, a second person will appear, claim to be the owner of the wallet, and demand compensation for the missing money. A second version involves a person looking for a lost wallet, asking you if have seen it. The person asks you to reveal the contents of your pockets or bag to prove that you do not have the missing wallet. The wallet seeker will then surreptitiously steal your exposed valuables. When initially approached by the "finder" or "seeker" of the lost wallet, simply walk away.

U.S. Mission Kazakhstan highly discourages taking unlicensed cabs in lieu of licensed taxicabs while in Kazakhstan. This applies especially to travel from the airport and train station to the city upon arrival, where men posing as "meet and greet" airport facilitators have lured foreigners into cars purportedly to take them to their hotels. However, the driver then takes the passengers to a secluded destination and demands approximately $100 for gas to take the foreigner back to the city. At the airport, U.S. citizens should not leave with anyone who does not show pre-arranged identification, even if the person is holding a sign with the traveler's name.

U.S. Mission Kazakhstan has received reports from U.S. citizen residents and visitors of being victims of violent, late-night muggings. U.S. citizens are advised to travel in groups or pairs. Lone individuals often make easy targets for muggers. At night, try to remain in well-lit, populated areas. Visitors are encouraged to leave restaurants or bars if fights break out.

Corruption by public officials, including law enforcement, has been reported frequently, especially at the airport in Almaty. Some foreigners have been told by customs or border guard officials that they must pay a $50-$500 fine for violating an undisclosed local regulation, despite the fact that the foreign citizen has fully complied with local laws. Some U.S. citizens have reportedly been asked to pay a large fine upon exiting Kazakhstan. When encountering such irregularities, U.S. citizens are advised to seek clarification from supervisory airport officials or contact the U.S. Embassy in Astana or Consulate General in Almaty before paying.

Don't buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, you may also be breaking local law.

Kazakhstan Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in another country, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you don't have your passport with you. In some places it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in your host country, your U.S. passport won't help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It's very important to know what's legal and what's not where you are going. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Kazakhstan are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States government is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

Kazakhstan Population Comparison

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