Japan Government

Country Name Japan
Full Country Name none
Local - Long Nihon-koku/Nippon-koku
Local - Short Nihon/Nippon
Etymology- history of name the English word for Japan comes via the Chinese name for the country "Cipangu"; both Nihon and Nippon mean "where the sun originates" and are frequently translated as "Land of the rising sun"
Government Type parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Capital Name Tokyo
Capital - geographic coordinate 35 41 N, 139 45 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Independence 3 May 1947 (current constitution adopted as amendment to Meiji Constitution); notable earlier dates: 660 B.C. (traditional date of the founding of the nation by Emperor JIMMU); 29 November 1890 (Meiji Constitution provides for constitutional monarchy)
National Holiday Birthday of Emperor AKIHITO, 23 December (1933)
Constitution previous 1890; latest approved 6 October 1946, adopted 3 November 1946, effective 3 May 1947 ; note - the constitution has not been amended since its enactment in 1947

Japan Capital City Map

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2019 edition