Iraq Demographics

What is the population of Iraq?

Population 38,872,655
Population Growth Rate 2.29%
Urban Population 66.5%
Population in Major Urban Areas BAGHDAD (capital) 6.036 million; Mosul 1.494 million; Erbil 1.039 million; Basra 942,000; As Sulaymaniyah 867,000; Najaf 779,000
Nationality Noun Iraqi(s)
Nationality Adjective Iraqi
Ethnic Groups Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
Languages Spoken Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian
Language Note The majority of Iraqis speak Arabic, with variations in dialect according to region. Modern standard Arabic is spoken by educated Iraqis and is the written language. Other languages spoken include Chaldean, Armenian, Syriac, Turkish dialects and Persian. English is the most widely used foreign language and is taught in Iraqi schools.

Iraq Health Information

What are the health conditions in Iraq?

Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 15-49 51.2%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.65
Diseases - note highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 68.5%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 14.6%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 93.9%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 8.3%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.07%
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 1.3
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 34.55
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 42.98
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 38.86
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk intermediate
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 63
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 27%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 450
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .61
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 15.3%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 86.2%
Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved 81.8%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 3.5
Underweight - percent of children under five years 7.1%

Iraq Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Iraq?

Life Expectancy at Birth 71 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 72 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 69 Years
Median Age 21 Years
Median Age - female 21 Years
Median Age - male 21 Years

Iraq Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Iraq median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 28
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.65
Median Age 21 Years
Median Age - female 21 Years
Median Age - male 21 Years
Population Growth Rate 2.29%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .87

Iraq Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Iraq?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Basic modern medical care and medicines are not widely available in Iraq. Conflict has left some medical facilities non-operational and medical stocks and supplies severely depleted. The facilities in operation do not meet U.S. standards, and the majority lack medicines, equipment, and supplies. Some private companies facilitate medical evacuations. Blood banks exist in Iraq, though blood supply may not be sufficient in the event of an emergency. In addition, many areas suffer rolling power outages and generators are not always available for back-up.

Iraq Education

What is school like in Iraq?

Literacy - female 24.4%
Literacy - male 55.9%
Literacy - total population 74.1%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 9 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 11 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 10 Years

Iraq Literacy

Can people in Iraq read?

Literacy - female 24.4%
Literacy - male 55.9%
Literacy - total population 74.1%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian

Iraq Crime

Is Iraq a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Petty theft is common in Iraq; this includes pick-pocketing in busy areas (e.g. markets), as well as the theft of money, jewelry, or other valuables from hotel roomsand private residences.Historically, carjacking by armed thieves has been very common, even during daylight hours, and particularly on the highways from Jordan and Kuwait to Baghdad. Both foreigners - especially dual American-Iraqi citizens - and Iraqi citizens are targets of kidnapping. Kidnappers often demand money but have also carried out kidnappings for political/religious reasons. Many hostages have been killed.

The number of murders reported in 2013, especially in the Baghdad area, has increased, likely due to terrorism, tribal and family disputes, and religious/sectarian tensions.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Iraq Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Iraq, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you don’thave your passport with youor if you take pictures of certain buildings.In some places, driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminalpenalties will varyfrom country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, andyou can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Iraq, your U.S. passport won’thelp you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’svery important to know what’slegal and what’snot wherever you go. Persons violating Iraq’s laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for the possession, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Iraq are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines, and in some cases may be subject to the death penalty.

Arrest notifications in host country: While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrestedin a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

Iraq Population Comparison

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