Iran Demographics

What is the population of Iran?

Population 84,923,314
Population Growth Rate 1.24%
Urban Population 69.1%
Population in Major Urban Areas TEHRAN (capital) 7.304 million; Mashhad 2.713 million; Esfahan 1.781 million; Karaj 1.635 million; Tabriz 1.509 million; Shiraz 1.321 million
Nationality Noun Iranian(s)
Nationality Adjective Iranian
Ethnic Groups Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
Languages Spoken Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
Language Note The official language in Iran is Persian, but many other languages or dialects are spoken.

Iran Health Information

What are the health conditions in Iran?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 73.3%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 5.94
Diseases - note highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 91.7%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 4.1%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 97.7%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 6%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 2%
HIV/Aids Deaths 4,600
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 1.7
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 39.48
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 40.54
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 40.02
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk intermediate
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 21
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 19.4%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 92
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .89
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 10.6%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 92.8%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 81.6%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 1.86
Underweight - percent of children under five years 4.6%
Vectorborne Disease (s) Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

Iran Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Iran?

Life Expectancy at Birth 70 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 72 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 69 Years
Median Age 27 Years
Median Age - female 28 Years
Median Age - male 27 Years

Iran Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Iran median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 18
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 5.94
Median Age 27 Years
Median Age - female 28 Years
Median Age - male 27 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -0.1
Population Growth Rate 1.24%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .89

Iran Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Iran?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Basic medical care and medicines are available in the principal cities, but may not be available in rural areas. Medical facilities do not meet U.S. standards and sometimes lack medicines and supplies. Iranian authorities confirmed outbreaks of avian influenza (bird flu) in January 2008 in northern Iran, as well as earlier reports of outbreaks among wild swans in the Anzali Wetlands and in domestic poultry in the northern provinces of Azerbaijan and Gilan. There were a number of confirmed cases of H1N1 influenza in 2009.

Iran Education

What is school like in Iran?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 3.7%
Literacy - female 73%
Literacy - male 86%
Literacy - total population 77%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 15 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 15 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 15 Years

Iran Literacy

Can people in Iran read?

Literacy - female 73%
Literacy - male 86%
Literacy - total population 77%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%

Iran Crime

Is Iran a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Major crime is generally not a problem for travelers in Iran, although foreigners occasionally become victims of petty street crime. Young men in unmarked cars have robbed foreigners and young men on motor bikes have snatched bags. There have been reports of robberies by police impersonators, usually in civilian clothing. Insist on seeing the officer’s identity card and request the presence of a uniformed officer/marked patrol car. Travelers should not surrender any documents or cash. You are advised to make a copy of your U.S. passport (biographical data page and the page with your Iranian visa) and to keep it separate from your original passport.

Travelers should not carry large amounts of hard currency while on the streets. In view of the possibility of theft, passports, other important documents, and valuables should be kept in hotel safes or other secure locations. Pre-booked taxis are safer than those hailed from the street. U.S. citizens should check with their hotel or tour guide for information on local scams.

Don’t buy counterfeit or pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, purchasing them may also violate local law.

Iran Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Iran, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you do not have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit but still illegal in the United States; for example, you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Iran, your U.S. passport will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It is very important to know what is legal and what is not in your destination country.

U.S. citizens in Iran who violate Iranian laws, even unknowingly, including laws unfamiliar to Westerners (such as those regarding the proper wearing of apparel), may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Fines, public floggings, and long prison terms are common. Former Muslims who have converted to other religions, as well as persons who encourage Muslims to convert, are subject to arrest and possible execution. Drinking, possession of alcoholic beverages and drugs, un-Islamic dress, as well as public displays of affection with a member of the opposite sex are considered to be crimes. Relations between non-Muslim men and Muslim women are illegal, as are adultery and sex outside of marriage. DVDs depicting sexual relations and magazines showing unveiled women are forbidden. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Iran are severe and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. Iran executes many people each year on drug-related charges.

The Iranian government reportedly has the names of all individuals who filed claims against Iran at the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal at The Hague pursuant to the 1981 Algerian Accords. In addition, the Iranian government reportedly has compiled a list of the claimants who were awarded compensation in the Iran Claims Program administered by the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission. The Iranian government has allegedly been targeting award-holders who travel to Iran. It has been reported that upon some claimants' entry into Iran, Iranian authorities have questioned them as to the status of payment of their respective awards with a view to recouping the award money. The Iranian government has also reportedly threatened to prevent U.S. claimants who visit Iran from departing the country until they make arrangements to repay their award either in part or its entirety.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the U.S. Interests Section at the Swiss Embassy in Tehran as soon as you are arrested or detained in Iran.

Iran Population Comparison

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