Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage
Tava shubha ashish mange
Gahe tava jaya-gatha
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!
Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people,
dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganga and is chanted by
the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
thou dispenser of India's destiny,
Victory, victory, victory to thee.
|Flag History||To a Buddhist the wheel represents the ineviability of existence: Dharma Chakra. The orange symbolizes courage and sacrifice, the white stands for peace and truth and the green stands for faith and chivalry.|
|Flag Date of Adoption||22 July 1947|
|Flag Symbolism||three equal horizontal bands of saffron (subdued orange) (top), white, and green with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Niger, which has a small orange disk centered in the white band|