Hungary Demographics

What is the population of Hungary?

Population 9,771,827
Population Growth Rate -0.2%
Urban Population 69.5%
Population in Major Urban Areas BUDAPEST (capital) 1.737 million
Nationality Noun Hungarian(s)
Nationality Adjective Hungarian
Ethnic Groups Hungarian 89.9%, Roma 4%, German 2.6%, Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian 0.7%
Languages Spoken Hungarian 98.2%, other 1.8%

Hungary Health Information

What are the health conditions in Hungary?

Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 12.71
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 100%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 100%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 7.7%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.07%
HIV/Aids Deaths 150
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 4.88
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 5.43
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 5.16
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk intermediate
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 21
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 28.2
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 27.6%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 3,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 3.41
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 100%
Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved 100%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 1.41
Vectorborne Disease (s) tickborne encephalitis

Hungary Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Hungary?

Life Expectancy at Birth 75 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 79 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 71 Years
Median Age 40 Years
Median Age - female 43 Years
Median Age - male 38 Years

Hungary Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Hungary median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 9
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 12.71
Median Age 40 Years
Median Age - female 43 Years
Median Age - male 38 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population 1.36
Population Growth Rate -0.2%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .91
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .91
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .59

Hungary Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Hungary?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical treatment in Hungary is adequate, but hospitals and other medical facilities are not always comparable to what you may find in the United States. Doctors are generally well trained, but there is a lack of adequate emergency services. Some doctors speak English. The Embassy maintains a website with more information about medical care providers, including English-speaking physicians.

Hungary Education

What is school like in Hungary?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.9%
Literacy - female 99.3%
Literacy - male 99.5%
Literacy - total population 99.4%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 16 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 15 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 15 Years

Hungary Literacy

Can people in Hungary read?

Literacy - female 99.3%
Literacy - male 99.5%
Literacy - total population 99.4%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Hungarian 98.2%, other 1.8%

Hungary Learning

What is school like in Hungary?

Learning

A typical school day for children  would have  class periods are 45 minute long, 4-6 class periods each day with 10-15 minutes breaks. After that lunch in the school. In the afternoon learning in the school (preparing for next day), taking alternative lessons or sport activities, or just going directly to home. The number of students per teacher are 25-30. Most children taking English lessons in the school 4-5 times a week.  The main subjects taught include  math, Hungarian language and literature, reading, writing (in the first 4 grades at least one foreign language), physical education, music and singing, in the upper 4 grades students also take physics, history, chemistry, biology, and  information technology.   
A pre-school (óvodák) is for three to six-year-olds. The aim of pre-school is to prepare children for social life and schooling and to develop personal skills and abilities.  Attendance at a óvodák is voluntary, but five-year-olds must compulsorily attend the last stage, which prepares them for school. For children under the age of 3, day nurseries (bölcsdék) are available. The activities taking place in pre-schools last a maximum of four hours a day.  Learning through experience is an important motto in Hungarian pre-school. Kindergarten teachers with secondary or higher educational qualifications teach the children, but only college graduate specialists are allowed to handle the management of pre-schools.  
The primary education in Hungary (általános iskola) is compulsory by law for all children between 6 and 16 years of age. Students performance and progress are regularly assessed with grades of : excellent (5), good (4), satisfactory (3), acceptable (2) and fail (1). These marks determine whether or not the pupil moves up to the next class. About 80% of primary school students successfully complete their basic 8-year primary education, without having to repeat any classes.  After the basic 8-year primary education students, can elect to attend vocational schools instead of secondary school (gimnázium).   This education usually takes three years, and offers training in roughly 200 professions and trades. It gives a skilled worker's certificate, which is valid all over the country, but does not grant a certificate of enrollment. However, the 4-5 year secondary vocational school does grant a certificate of enrollment and a skilled worker's certificate or technician's certificate. These special vocational schools were established in 1990. Students who have chosen this line of education are given complementary education and professional preliminary training.  

The secondary school (gimnázium) is a 4-to-5-year educational institution providing general academic education. It provides general education and also provides qualifications for certain jobs. The secondary school has traditionally been the main gateway to universities. About 80% of those completing the primary education go on to some form of secondary education.  In most general secondary schools there are entrance examinations. Education in these schools is free of charge. Private general secondary schools, which are mostly maintained by churches, may charge fees if they do not have an agreement giving them a public education grant from the local government. The school week consists of five days with classes in the morning.  Studies in secondary schools are completed with an upper secondary school leaving examination. The upper secondary school leaving examination allows for, but does not guarantee admission to higher education, since colleges and universities have their own entrance examination requirements.

To School

Kids travel to school either by foot, or by public transportation. Most public schools do not provide transportation to or from school. Private schools might provide transportation, additionally a public school might provide transportation in some areas where distance are long, and the public transportation system is not well developed.

Hungary Crime

Is Hungary a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Crime in Budapest is a concern. Be careful during your visit, and exercise the same caution you would in any big city or tourist area at home. Do not walk alone at night; keep your belongings secure at all times. Passports, cash, and credit cards are favorite targets of thieves. Keep items that you do not store in your hotel safe or residence in a safe place, but be aware that pockets, purses, and backpacks are especially vulnerable, even if they close with a zipper. Be sure to secure these items when you get back to your hotel or residence.

The U.S. Embassy’s Consular Section has a special web page with further details on common scams and crimes in Hungary.

If you drive, be careful at gas stations and rest areas, or while fixing flat tires or other mechanical problems, especially at night. One scam involves someone who attracts your attention by claiming there is something wrong with your car to get you to pull over and then robs you. Do not leave your luggage and valuables unattended inside any vehicle for any length of time, even to load or unload items or to check in to a hotel.

Another common scam involves young women asking foreign men to buy them drinks. When the bill arrives the drinks cost hundreds of dollars each. You should avoid bars and restaurants suggested by cab drivers or people on the street. Every bar and restaurant should provide a menu with prices on it. Look at the prices before you order anything, including drinks. The Embassy maintains a list of bars and restaurants that are known to engage in this scam.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal to bring back into the United States, but you may also be breaking local law.

Hungary Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Hungary, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. Criminal penalties vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States; for instance, you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Hungary, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not, wherever you may be going.

You should carry your passport with you at all times when you are in Hungary. Hungarian law requires all visitors to carry their passports; a photocopy is not a valid substitute. You could be arrested or fined if you do not have your passport with you. Since expert pickpockets frequent tourist areas and train stations, it is a good idea to keep your passport in a safe place. Hungary has a “zero tolerance” policy on drinking and driving. You should not drive after drinking, regardless of the amount of alcohol you have consumed.

Arrest notifications in host country: While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

Hungary Population Comparison

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