Hungary Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Hungary?

Overview:

Hungary is located in central Europe’s Carpathian Basin and is about 36,000 square miles in area. The capital city, Budapest, hosts about 2.1 million residents. Hungary has some topographical variation; however, as much as 50% of the country’s territory is flat. The two most important rivers, the Danube and the Tisza, cross the country from north to south. The region between these two rivers is flat, while Transdanubia, the region lying to the west of the Danube, is hilly country featuring central Europe’s largest lake, the Balaton. A range of medium height mountains stretches diagonally across the country. The Hungarian "puszta" (plain) is a favorite tourist destination where the characteristic animals and ethnographic traditions can be seen.

Geography - note:

landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin; the north-south flowing Duna (Danube) and Tisza Rivers divide the country into three large regions

Climate:

temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

Hungary Use of Natural Resources

Hungary Environment

Climate:

temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

Terrain:

mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

Natural Resources:

bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land

Irrigated Land:

544 Square Miles
1,409 Square Kilometers

Environmental Issues:

the upgrading of Hungary's standards in waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution with environmental requirements for EU accession will require large investments

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Hungary Geography

Geographic Location Europe
Total Area 35,918 Square Miles
93,028 Square Kilometers
Land Area 34,598 Square Miles
89,608 Square Kilometers
Water Area 1,320 Square Miles
3,420 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 1,358 Miles
2,185 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 544 Square Miles
1,409 Square Kilometers
Border Countries Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia and Montenegro 151 km, Slovakia 677 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km
Geographic Coordinates 47 00 N, 20 00 E
Terrain mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border
Highest Point 1,014 Meters
Highest Point Location Kekes 1,014 m
Lowest Point 78 Meters
Lowest Point Location Tisza River 78 m
Natural Resources bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land
Time Zone UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
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