Haiti Economy

Is Haiti a rich country?

Haiti is a free market economy with low labor costs and tariff-free access to the US for many of its exports. Two-fifths of all Haitians depend on the agricultural sector, mainly small-scale subsistence farming, which remains vulnerable to damage from frequent natural disasters. Poverty, corruption, vulnerability to natural disasters, and low levels of education for much of the population represent some of the most serious impediments to Haiti’s economic growth. Remittances are the primary source of foreign exchange, equivalent to more than a quarter of GDP, and nearly double the combined value of Haitian exports and foreign direct investment.

Currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with close to 60% of the population living under the national poverty line, Haiti’s GDP growth rose to 5.5% in 2011 as the Haitian economy began recovering from the devastating January 2010 earthquake that destroyed much of its capital city, Port-au-Prince, and neighboring areas. However, growth slowed to below 2% in 2015 and 2016 as political uncertainty, drought conditions, decreasing foreign aid, and the depreciation of the national currency took a toll on investment and economic growth. Hurricane Matthew, the fiercest Caribbean storm in nearly a decade, made landfall in Haiti on 4 October 2016, with 140 mile-per-hour winds, creating a new humanitarian emergency. An estimated 2.1 million people were affected by the category 4 storm, which caused extensive damage to crops, houses, livestock, and infrastructure across Haiti’s southern peninsula.

US economic engagement under the Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA) and the 2008 Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement Act (HOPE II) have contributed to an increase in apparel exports and investment by providing duty-free access to the US. The Haiti Economic Lift Program (HELP) Act of 2010 extended the CBTPA and HOPE II until 2020, while the Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015 extended trade benefits provided to Haiti in the HOPE and HELP Acts through September 2025. Apparel sector exports in 2016 reached approximately $850 million and account for over 90% of Haitian exports and more than 10% of the GDP.

Investment in Haiti is hampered by the difficulty of doing business and weak infrastructure, including access to electricity. Haiti's outstanding external debt was cancelled by donor countries following the 2010 earthquake, but has since risen to $2.6 billion as of December 2017, the majority of which is owed to Venezuela under the PetroCaribe program. Although the government has increased its revenue collection, it continues to rely on formal international economic assistance for fiscal sustainability, with over 20% of its annual budget coming from foreign aid or direct budget support.

Haiti Economy Data

What is the GDP of Haiti?

Currency Name and Code Haitian Gourde (HTG) and US Dollar (USD)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $18,380,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $8,797,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 2.5%
GDP Per Capita $1,800.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 23.6%
GDP by Sector- Industry 20.1%
GDP by Sector- services 56.3%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 103.9%

government consumption: 0%

investment in fixed capital: 29.5%

investment in inventories: -5.3%

exports of goods and services: 14%

imports of goods and services: -42.1%

note: figure for household consumption also includes government consumption
Population Below Poverty Line 80%
Inflation Rate 4.7%
Labor Force 4,810,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 38.1%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 11.5%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 50.4%
Unemployment Rate 40.6%
Unemployment - note widespread unemployment and underemployment; more than two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs
Fiscal Year 1 October - 30 September
Annual Budget $900,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -5.4%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 24%
Major Industries sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts
Industrial Growth Rate -4.8%
Agriculture Products coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum, wood
Exchange Rate per US Dollar gourde (HTG)
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 21%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 2,587,205
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 9.2%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Haiti

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