Greenland Government

What is the capital of Greenland?

Country Name Greenland
Full Country Name none
Local - Long none
Local - Short Kalaallit Nunaat
Etymology- history of name named by Norwegian adventurer Erik THORVALDSSON (Erik the Red) in A.D. 985 in order to entice settlers to the island
Government Type parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Greenland or Inatsisartut)
Capital Name Nuuk (Godthaab)
Capital - geographic coordinate 64 11 N, 51 45 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-2 (3 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

time zone note: Greenland has four time zones
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Independence none (extensive self-rule as part of the Kingdom of Denmark; foreign affairs is the responsibility of Denmark, but Greenland actively participates in international agreements relating to Greenland)
National Holiday National Day, June 21; note - marks the summer solstice and the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere
Constitution history: previous 1953 (Greenland established as a constituency in the Danish constitution), 1979 (Greenland Home Rule Act); latest 21 June 2009 (Greenland Self-Government Act)
Dependency Status part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979

Greenland Capital City Map

Source: Google Maps

Greenland Government and Politics

Who is the president of Greenland?

Executive Branch: chief of state: King FREDERIK X of Denmark (since 14 January 2024), represented by High Commissioner Mikaela ENGELL (since April 2011) (2024)

head of government: Premier Mute B. EGEDE (since 23 April 2021)

cabinet: Self-rule Government (Naalakkersuisut) elected by the Parliament (Inatsisartut)

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; high commissioner appointed by the monarch; premier indirectly elected by Parliament for a 4-year term

election results:

2021: Mute B. EGEDE elected premier; Parliament vote - Mute B. EGEDE (Inuit Ataqatigiit) unanimous

2014: Kim KIELSEN elected premier; Parliament vote - Kim KIELSEN (S) 27.2%, Sara OLSVIG (IA) 25.5%, Randi Vestergaard EVALDSEN (D) 19.5%, other 27.8%
Citizenship Criteria: see Denmark
Legal System: the laws of Denmark apply where applicable and Greenlandic law applies to other areas
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: unicameral Parliament or Inatsisartut (31 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by party-list proportional representation vote - by the d'Hondt method - to serve 4-year terms)

Greenland elects 2 members to the Danish Parliament to serve 4-year terms

elections: Greenland Parliament - last held on 6 April 2021 (next to be held in 2025)

Greenland members to Danish Parliament - last held on 5 June 2019 (next to be held by 4 June 2023)

election results: Greenland Parliament - percent of vote by party - IA 38.7%, S 32.2%, N 12.9%, D 9.7%, A 6.5%; seats by party - IA 12, S 10, N 4, D 3, A 2; composition - men 21, women 10, percent of women 32.2%

Greenland members in Danish Parliament - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - IA 1, S 1; composition - 2 women
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): High Court of Greenland (consists of the presiding professional judge and 2 lay assessors); note - appeals beyond the High Court of Greenland can be heard by the Supreme Court (in Copenhagen)

judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the monarch upon the recommendation of the Judicial Appointments Council, a 6-member independent body of judges and lawyers; judges appointed for life with retirement at age 70

subordinate courts: Court of Greenland; 18 district or magistrates' courts
Regions or States: 5 municipalities (kommuner, singular kommune); Avannaata, Kujalleq, Qeqertalik, Qeqqata, Sermersooq

note: Northeast Greenland National Park (Kalaallit Nunaanni Nuna Eqqissisimatitaq) and the Thule Air Base in Pituffik (in northwest Greenland) are two unincorporated areas; the national park's 972,000 sq km - about 46% of the island - makes it the largest national park in the world and also the most northerly
Political Parties and Leaders: Democrats Party (Demokraatit) or D [Jens Frederik NIELSEN]

Fellowship Party (Atassut) or A [Aqqalu JERIMIASSEN]

Forward Party (Siumut) or S [Erik JENSEN]

Inuit Community (Inuit Ataqatigiit) or IA [Mute Bourup EGEDE]

Signpost Party (Naleraq) or N [Pele BROBERG] (formerly Partii Naleraq)
International Organization Participation: Arctic Council, ICC, NC, NIB, UPU
Diplomatic Representation in the US: chief of mission: Kenneth HOEGH, Head of Representation; note - Greenland also has offices in the Danish consulates in Chicago and New York

chancery: 3200 Whitehaven Street, NW

Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 234-4300

FAX: +1 (202) 328-1470

email address and website:

All Greenlandic Representations | Grønlands Repræsentation (;
Diplomatic Representation from US: chief of mission: Consul Monica BLAND (since July 2023)

embassy: Aalisartut Aqqutaa 47

Nuuk 3900


telephone: (+299) 384100

email address and website:
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