Greenland Government

What is the capital of Greenland?

Country Name Greenland
Full Country Name none
Local - Long none
Local - Short Kalaallit Nunaat
Etymology- history of name named by Norwegian adventurer Erik THORVALDSSON (Erik the Red) in A.D. 985 in order to entice settlers to the island
Government Type parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Greenland or Inatsisartut)
Capital Name Nuuk (Godthaab)
Capital - geographic coordinate 64 11 N, 51 45 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

note: Greenland has four time zones
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Independence none (extensive self-rule as part of the Kingdom of Denmark; foreign affairs is the responsibility of Denmark, but Greenland actively participates in international agreements relating to Greenland)
National Holiday National Day, June 21; note - marks the summer solstice and the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere
Constitution previous 1953 (Greenland established as a constituency in the Danish constitution), 1979 (Greenland Home Rule Act); latest 21 June 2009 (Greenland Self-Government Act)
Dependency Status part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979

Greenland Capital City Map

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Greenland Government and Politics

Who is the president of Greenland?

Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II of Denmark (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Mikaela ENGELL (since April 2011)

head of government: Premier Kim KIELSEN (since 30 September 2014)

cabinet: Self-rule Government (Naalakkersuisut) elected by the Parliament (Inatsisartut) on the basis of the strength of parties

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; high commissioner appointed by the monarch; premier indirectly elected by Parliament for a 4-year term

election results: Kim KIELSEN elected premier; Parliament vote - Kim KIELSEN (S) 27.2%, Sara OLSVIG (IA) 25.5%, Randi Vestergaard EVALDSEN (D) 19.5%, other 27.8%
Citizenship Criteria: see Denmark
Legal System: the laws of Denmark apply where applicable and Greenlandic law applies to other areas
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: unicameral Parliament or Inatsisartut (31 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)

Greenland elects 2 members to the Danish Parliament to serve 4-year terms

elections: Greenland Parliament - last held on 24 April 2018 (next to be held by 2022)

Greenland members to Danish Parliament - last held on 5 June 2019(next to be held by 4 June 2023)

election results: Greenland Parliament percent of vote by party - S 27.2%, IA 25.5%, D 19.5%, PN 13.4%, A 5.9%, SA 4.1%, NQ 3.4% other 1%; seats by party - S 9, IA 8, D 6, PN 4, A 2, SA 1, NQ 1; composition - men 19, women 12, percent of women 38.7%

Greenland members in Danish Parliament - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - IA 1, S 1; composition - 2 women
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): High Court of Greenland (consists of the presiding professional judge and 2 lay assessors); note - appeals beyond the High Court of Greenland can be heard by the Supreme Court (in Copenhagen)

judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the monarch upon the recommendation of the Judicial Appointments Council, a 6-member independent body of judges and lawyers; judges appointed for life with retirement at age 70

subordinate courts: Court of Greenland; 18 district or magistrates' courts
Regions or States: 4 municipalities (kommuner, singular kommune); Kujalleq, Qaasuitsup, Qeqqata, Sermersooq

note: the North and East Greenland National Park (Avannaarsuani Tunumilu Nuna Allanngutsaaliugaq) and the Thule Air Base in Pituffik (in northwest Greenland) are two unincorporated areas; the national park's 972,000 sq km - about 46% of the island - makes it the largest national park in the world and also the most northerly
Political Parties and Leaders: Collabotation Party or SA (Samarbejdspartiet) [Tillie MARTINUSSEN]

Democrats Party or D (Demokraatit) [Randi VESTERGAARD EVALDSEN]

Forward Party or S (Siumut) [Kim KIELSEN]

Inuit Community or IA (Inuit Ataqatigiit) [Sara OLSVIG]

Nunatta Qitornai or NQ {Vittus QUJAUKITSOQ]

Partii Naleraq or PN [Hans ENOKSEN]

Solidarity Party or A (Atassut) [Siverth Karl HEILMANN]
International Organization Participation: Arctic Council, ICC, NC, NIB, UPU
Diplomatic Representation in the US: none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark): note - Greenland has an office in the Danish Embassy to the US; it also has offices in the Danish consulates of Chicago and New York
Diplomatic Representation from US: none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
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