Gibraltar Government

What is the capital of Gibraltar?

Country Name Gibraltar
Full Country Name none
Etymology- history of name from the Spanish derivation of the Arabic "Jabal Tariq," which means "Mountain of Tariq" and which refers to the Rock of Gibraltar
Government Type parliamentary democracy (Parliament); self-governing overseas territory of the UK
Capital Name Gibraltar
Capital - geographic coordinate 36 08 N, 5 21 W
Capital Time Difference UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
National Holiday National Day, 10 September (1967); note - day of the national referendum to decide whether to remain with the UK or join Spain
Constitution history: previous 1969; latest passed by referendum 30 November 2006, entered into effect 14 December 2006, entered into force 2 January 2007

amendments: proposed by Parliament and require prior consent of the British monarch (through the Secretary of State); passage requires at least three-quarters majority vote in Parliament followed by simple majority vote in a referendum; note – only sections 1 through 15 in Chapter 1 (Protection of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms) can be amended by Parliament
Dependency Status overseas territory of the UK

Gibraltar Capital City Map

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Gibraltar Government and Politics

Who is the president of Gibraltar?

Executive Branch:

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Lt. Gen. Edward DAVIS (since 19 January 2016)

head of government: Chief Minister Fabian PICARDO (since 9 December 2011)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed from among the 17 elected members of Parliament by the governor in consultation with the chief minister

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed chief minister by the governor

Citizenship Criteria:

see United Kingdom

Legal System:

the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal; and British citizens with six months residence or more

Legislative Branch:

description: unicameral Parliament (18 seats; 17 members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by majority vote and 1 appointed by Parliament as speaker; members serve 4-year terms) (e.g. 2019)

elections: last held on 17 October 2019 (next to be held in 2023) (e.g. 2019)

election results: percent of vote by party - GSLP-Liberal Alliance 52.5% (GSLP 37.0%, LPG 15.5%), GSD 25.6%; seats by party - GSLP-Liberal Alliance 10 (GSLP 7, LPG 3), GSD 6; composition of elected members - men 15, women 2, percent of women 11.8% (e.g. 2019)

Judicial Branch:

highest resident court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of at least 3 judges, including the court president); Supreme Court of Gibraltar (consists of the chief justice and 3 judges); note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)

judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal and Supreme Court judges appointed by the governor upon the advice of the Judicial Service Commission, a 7-member body of judges and appointees of the governor; tenure of the Court of Appeal president based on terms of appointment; Supreme Court chief justice and judges normally appointed until retirement at age 67 but can be extended 3 years

subordinate courts: Court of First Instance; Magistrates' Court; specialized tribunals for issues relating to social security, taxes, and employment

Regions or States:

none (overseas territory of the UK)

Political Parties and Leaders:

Gibraltar Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA]

Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Keith AZOPARDI]

Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Fabian PICARDO]

GSLP-Liberal Alliance (includes GSLP and LPG)

Liberal Party of Gibraltar or LPG

Progressive Democratic Party [Nick CRUZ]

International Organization Participation:

ICC (NGOs), Interpol (subbureau), UPU

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

none (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic Representation from US:

none (overseas territory of the UK)

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