Finland Demographics

What is the population of Finland?

Population 5,571,665
Population Growth Rate 0.06%
Urban Population 83.700000
Population in Major Urban Areas HELSINKI (capital) 1.134 million
Nationality Noun Finn(s)
Ethnic Groups Finn 93%, Swede 6%, Sami 0.11%, Roma 0.12%, Tatar 0.02%
Language Note

The Finnish people take great pride in their language.  Through the years they have resisted other nation's attempts to impose their language on them. Over 93% of the population speaks Finnish, a Finnish-Ugric language coming from a language family different from Scandinavian languages. It is closely related to Estonian. Finland recognizes Sami, the tongue of the indigenous minority Sami.

English is popular as a second language. Swedish is the second official language, spoken by 6% of the population.  Finnish is a hard language to learn because the same word is used for "he" and "she" and the articles "a" and "the" are rarely used.

Finland Learning

What is school like in Finland?

Education Culture

Education in Finland is free.


Education in Finland is free, and all children between the ages of seven and sixteen attend comprehensive school.  Parents may enroll their children in either a Finnish-language or a Swedish language school.  Languages, especially English, Russian, French, and German are important in the country's educational system.  Children study three foreign languages in comprehensive school.  Schools run from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Lunch is free, and some schools serve breakfast, too.  After nine years of comprehensive school, students attend high school for three years or vocational school for two or three years.  Students in vocational schools learn trade skills. All public schools provide religious and/or
philosophical instruction. Students who did not wish to receive
religious instruction may choose to study philosophy instead.  High school graduates who pass an entrance exam may continue their education by studying at one of Finland's universities.  On the last Saturday in May Finnish high school graduates receive certificates.  All graduates wear white caps, and the young women also carry roses.

Finland Population Comparison

Finland Health Information

What are the health conditions in Finland?

Life Expectancy at Birth 79.550000
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 10.42
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 3.380000
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 8.9%
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 2.74
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 5.9
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 100.000000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 5
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth (age 25-49) 27.9
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 1.73
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 23%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 100.000000

Finland Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Finland?

Life Expectancy at Birth 79.550000
Median Age 43.000000
Infant Mortality Rate 3.380000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 5
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 1.73

Finland median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 10
Median Age 43.000000
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population .62
Population Growth Rate 0.06%
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.040000
Age Structure 16.420000
Infant Mortality Rate 3.380000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 5
Mother's mean age at first birth 27.9
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 1.73

Finland Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Finland?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

In Finland, medical facilities and staff are generally excellent and widely available for emergency services. English is commonly spoken by Finnish medical personnel. Helsinki is a frequent medical evacuation point for emergency cases from the countries of the former Soviet Union. The public hospital system and many private hospitals honor foreign credit cards. Most pharmacies (apteekki in Finnish) are open during normal shopping hours and major cities have at least one 24-hour service pharmacy.

If you are a tourist or temporary visitor to Finland and you require immediate emergency medical assistance, you may visit a local medical center, clinic, or first-aid station (ensiapuasema in Finnish). Usually these stations are located at hospitals and will provide a full range of services. The emergency telephone number, 112, can be used throughout Finland to contact emergency medical services.

Travelers with special medical needs should consult with their personal physicians and take appropriate precautions, including bringing adequate supplies of necessary medication. Medicines may be brought into the country as long as they are intended for the traveler’s personal use; however, there are special requirements concerning the quantity. Finland allows travelers from the European Economic Area to bring personal prescription medicines (up to a one year supply) without a customs declaration. All others may bring a 90-day supply of personal prescription drugs to Finland. A formal doctor's note may be requested by Finnish customs officials. Prescribed narcotics are more highly restricted, however, and may only be brought into the country for the traveler’s personal use for a maximum of 14 days and must be accompanied by a medical certificate stating why the traveler needs them.

In addition, stringent Finnish customs regulations prohibit travelers from receiving drugs from abroad after having arrived in the country. Travelers may also find local physicians reluctant to prescribe equivalent quantities of dosages. For more detailed information, please visit the Finnish National Tourist Board website or contact the Embassy of Finland.

Health Expenditures - percent of GDP


Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population


Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population


Finland Education

What is school like in Finland?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 6.8%
Literacy - female 100%
Literacy - male 100%
Literacy - total population 100%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 17.000000

Finland Literacy

Can people in Finland read?

Literacy - female 100%
Literacy - male 100%
Literacy - total population 100%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write

Finland Crime

Is Finland a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Although the crime rate in Finland is low compared to the United States and most European countries, it has increased in recent years. However, Finland remains relatively safe. U.S. citizens visiting Finland are seldom victims of crime, but visitors should not be complacent regarding personal safety or the protection of valuables. The same precautions employed in the United States should be followed in Finland. Finnish police services are excellent. Travelers should be aware that some police officers speak little English. Due to the low crime rate, Finland has fewer police officers than most European nations. Outside of key sites in major urban centers, police rarely project a visible presence; consequently, response times to crisis situations may take longer in rural areas. All forms of public transportation are considered safe. Street crimes, such as mugging and pick-pocketing, remain uncommon, but do occur.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal to bring back into the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Finland Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Finland, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own.

There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States; for instance, you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Finland, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not wherever you go.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

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