Falkland Islands Government

What is the capital of Falkland Islands?

Country Name Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Full Country Name none
Etymology- history of name the archipelago takes its name from the Falkland Sound, the strait separating the two main islands; the channel itself was named after the Viscount of Falkland who sponsored an expedition to the islands in 1690; the Spanish name for the archipelago derives from the French "Iles Malouines," the name applied to the islands by French explorer Louis-Antoine de BOUGAINVILLE in 1764
Government Type parliamentary democracy (Legislative Assembly); self-governing overseas territory of the UK
Capital Name Stanley
Capital - geographic coordinate 51 42 S, 57 51 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
National Holiday Liberation Day, 14 June (1982)
Constitution previous 1985; latest entered into force 1 January 2009
Dependency Status overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina

Falkland Islands Capital City Map

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Falkland Islands Government and Politics

Who is the president of Falkland Islands?

Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Nigel PHILLIPS (since 12 September 2017)

head of government: Chief Executive Barry ROWLAND (since 3 October 2016)

cabinet: Executive Council elected by the Legislative Council

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; chief executive appointed by the governor
Citizenship Criteria: see United Kingdom
Legal System: English common law and local statutes
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: unicameral Faroese Parliament or Logting (33 seats; members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)

the Faroe Islands elect 2 members to the Danish Parliament to serve 4-year terms

elections: Faroese Parliament - last held on 31 August 2019 (next to be held in 2023)

Faroese seats in the Danish Parliament last held on 5 June 2019 (next to be held no later than June 2023)

election results: Faroese Parliament percent of vote by party - People's Party 24.5%, JF 22.1%, Union Party 20.3%, Republic 18.1%, Center Party 5.4%, Progressive Party 4.6%, New Self-Government Party 3.4%, other 1.4%, seats by party - People's Party 8, JF 7, Union Party 7, Republic 6, Center Party 2, Progressive Party 2, New Self-Government Party 1, composition - men 25, women 8; percent of women 24.2%

Faroese seats in Danish Parliament - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Social Democratic Party 1, Republican Party 1; composition - 2 men
Judicial Branch: highest resident court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president, the chief justice as an ex officio, non-resident member, and 2 justices of appeal); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice); note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are referred to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)

judge selection and term of office: all justices appointed by the governor; tenure specified in each justice's instrument of appointment

subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court (senior magistrate presides over civil and criminal divisions); Court of Summary Jurisdiction
Regions or States: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
Political Parties and Leaders: none; all independents
International Organization Participation: UPU
Diplomatic Representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic Representation from US: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
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