Estonia Economy

Is Estonia a wealthy country?

Estonia, a member of the EU since 2004 and the euro zone since 2011, has a modern market-based economy and one of the higher per capita income levels in Central Europe and the Baltic region, but its economy is highly dependent on trade, leaving it vulnerable to external shocks. Estonia's successive governments have pursued a free market, pro-business economic agenda, and sound fiscal policies that have resulted in balanced budgets and the lowest debt-to-GDP ratio in the EU.

The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, Germany, and Russia. The economy’s 4.9% GDP growth in 2017 was the fastest in the past six years, leaving the Estonian economy in its best position since the financial crisis 10 years ago. For the first time in many years, labor productivity increased faster than labor costs in 2017. Inflation also rose in 2017 to 3.5% alongside increased global prices for food and energy, which make up a large share of Estonia’s consumption.

Estonia is challenged by a shortage of labor, both skilled and unskilled, although the government has amended its immigration law to allow easier hiring of highly qualified foreign workers, and wage growth that outpaces productivity gains. The government is also pursuing efforts to boost productivity growth with a focus on innovations that emphasize technology start-ups and e-commerce.

Estonia Economy Data

What is the GDP of Estonia?

Currency Name and Code euros (EUR)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $47,440,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $23,480,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 1.5%
GDP Per Capita $38,700.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 3.5%
GDP by Sector- Industry 28.1%
GDP by Sector- services 68.4%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 51.2%

government consumption: 20.9%

investment in fixed capital: 24.3%

investment in inventories: -1%

exports of goods and services: 79.2%

imports of goods and services: -74.6%
Population Below Poverty Line 21.6%
Inflation Rate 0.3%
Labor Force 651,200
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 3.9%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 28.4%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 67.7%
Unemployment Rate 6.5%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $9,559,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -0.2%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 9.7%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 40.7%
Major Industries food, engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications
Industrial Growth Rate 3.2%
Agriculture Products grain, potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Exchange Rate per US Dollar 0.8985
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 4.8%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Estonia

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