Equatorial Guinea Government

What is the capital of Equatorial Guinea?

Country Name Equatorial Guinea
Full Country Name Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Local - Long Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish)/ Republique de Guinee Equatoriale (French)
Local - Short Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish)/ Guinee Equatoriale (French)
Former Name Spanish Guinea
Etymology- history of name the country is named for the Guinea region of West Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea and stretches north to the Sahel; the "equatorial" refers to the fact that the country lies just north of the Equator
Government Type presidential republic
Capital Name Malabo; note - Malabo is on the island of Bioko; some months of the year, the government operates out of Bata on the mainland region.
Capital - geographic coordinate 3 45 N, 8 47 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Independence 12 October 1968 (from Spain)
National Holiday Independence Day, 12 October (1968)
Constitution history: previous 1968, 1973, 1982; approved by referendum 17 November 1991

amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or supported by three fourths of the membership in either house of the National Assembly; passage requires three-fourths majority vote by both houses of the Assembly and approval in a referendum if requested by the president; amended several times, last in 2012

Equatorial Guinea Capital City Map

Source: Google Maps

Equatorial Guinea Government and Politics

Who is the president of Equatorial Guinea?

Executive Branch: chief of state: President OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup); First Vice President Teodoro Nguema OBIANG Mangue (since 20 November 2022)

head of government: Prime Minister Manuela ROKA Botey (since 1 February 2023); First Deputy Prime Minister Clemente Engonga NGUEMA Onguene (since 23 June 2016); Second Deputy Prime Minister Angel MESIE Mibuy (since 5 February 2018); Third Deputy Prime Minister Alfonso Nsue MOKUY (since 23 June 2016)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president and overseen by the prime minister

elections/appointments: president directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 7-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 20 November 2022 (next to be held in 2029); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president

election results: 2022: OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo reelected president; percent of vote - OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) 95%, other 6.1%
Citizenship Criteria: citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Equatorial Guinea

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Legal System: mixed system of civil and customary law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: bicameral National Assembly or Asemblea Nacional consists of:

Senate or Senado (70 seats statutory, 74 seats for current term; 55 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed party-list proportional representation vote, 15 appointed by the president, and 4 ex-officio)

Chamber of Deputies or Camara de los Diputados (100 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed party-list proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held on 19 January 2023 (next to be held in 2028)

Chamber of Deputies - last held on 19 January 2023 (next to be held in 2028)

election results:

Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; elected seats by party - PDGE 55; composition (including 15 appointed and 2 ex-officio) - men 58, women 16, percent of women 21.6%

Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDGE 100; composition - men 69, women 31, percent of women 31%; note - total National Assembly percent of women 27%
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (consists of the President of the Supreme Court and nine judges organized into civil, criminal, commercial, labor, administrative, and customary sections); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 4 members)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president for five-year terms; Constitutional Court members appointed by the president, 2 of whom are nominated by the Chamber of Deputies; note - judges subject to dismissal by the president at any time

subordinate courts: Court of Guarantees; military courts; Courts of Appeal; first instance tribunals; district and county tribunals
Regions or States: 8 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Djibloho, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas
Political Parties and Leaders: Center Right Union or UCD [Avelino MOCACHE Mehenga]

Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Andres ESONO ONDO]

Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE [OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO and Jeronimo OSA OSA Ecoro ]

Liberal Democratic Convention or CLD [Alfonso Nsue MOKUY]

Liberal Party or PL [Salvador NGUEMA MANGUE]

National Congress of Equatorial Guinea (CNGE) [Agustin MASOKO Abegue]

National Democratic Party (PNDGE) [Celestino MBOMIO AKIEME]

National Democratic Union or UDENA [Deogracias Dueberibe EDU]

National Union for Democracy PUNDGE [vacant]

Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Edouardo MBA BACALE]

Popular Union or UP [Alfredo Mitogo MITOGO ADE]

Progressive Democratic Alliance or ADP [Francisco Mba OLO BAHAMONDE]

Social and Popular Convergence Party or CSDP [Deogracias KUNG NSUE]

Social Democratic Coalition Party (PCSD) [Buenaventura MONSUY ASUMU]

Social Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea or PSDGE [Marcos NZE MABALE]

Social Democratic Union or UDS [Miguel MBA NZANG]

Socialist Party of Equatorial Guinea [Jusus Pablo OYONO]
International Law Organization Participation: accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, CPLP, FAO, Francophonie, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO (observer)
Diplomatic Representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Crisantos OBAMA ONDO (since 19 October 2023

chancery: 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 518-5700

FAX: [1] (202) 518-5252

email address and website:



consulate(s) general: Houston, New York
Diplomatic Representation from US: chief of mission: Ambassador David R. GILMOUR (since 24 May 2022)

embassy: Malabo II Highway (between the Headquarters of Sonagas and the offices of the United Nations), Malabo

mailing address: 2320 Malabo Place, Washington, DC 20521-2520

telephone: [240] 333 09-57-41

email address and website:


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