Egypt Demographics

What is the population of Egypt?

Population 104,124,440
Population Growth Rate 1.88%
Urban Population 43.500000
Population in Major Urban Areas CAIRO (capital) 11.169 million; Alexandria 4.494 million
Nationality Noun Egyptian(s)
Ethnic Groups Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%
Language Note Arabic is the official language in Egypt, although English and French are used in business and education. The written language differs from the spoken Egyptian dialect used in daily life. The Cairene dialect is the standard for spoken Egyptian; the people are extremely proud of it. They like to use it for wordplays, jokes, clichés, and riddles. Cairene is therefore both the spoken language and an integral part of Egyptian culture.

Egypt Learning

What is school like in Egypt?


In Egypt there are classic old school buildings with very high ceilings and spacious classrooms, most of these buildings used to be historical buildings occupied by royalties or government officials.

There are also modern school buildings, but public schools tend to occupy older buildings than those of private schools.

The majority of public schools do not have computer labs and audiovisual equipment. They are also crowded with minimal playing space for children. The teacher-student ratio is very high, which often results in some of the kids not getting the necessary care and sometimes becoming left out.

However, a developmental plan is being executed all over the country in an effort to create the necessary facilities needed for better education. This applies to existing schools as well as newer ones being erected.

This developmental plan will also include the rehabilitation of existing school staff by implementing proficiency exams and training sessions to improve their teaching skills as well as the level of teacher-student interaction.

Private schools have all the resources they need, from computer labs, Internet, audiovisual equipment, and vast playgrounds. Some private schools even have basketball and tennis courts, soccer fields, and swimming pools. They also maintain a reasonable teacher-to-student ratio.


Schools usually start between 7:30 and 8:30 am and finish between 2:30 and 3:30 pm. Students usually have one to two breaks to have light snacks. They do not have lunch at school and have it at home instead.

Public school students are taught their curriculum entirely in Arabic and start learning English as a second language starting from 3rd grade. Students are taught different subjects such as math, science, history, and geography, but they do not move between classrooms to take the different subjects; they stay in the same classroom throughout all the periods.

Public school students have two options for secondary education: either to take the Egyptian Baccalaureate to get qualified to go to college or take a sort of community college diploma where students learn handymen jobs. The majority take the Egyptian Baccalaureate to qualify for university as undergraduate and graduate studies are becoming essential to succeed in establishing a career in modern-day Egypt.

Egyptian private school students have a wide range of global secondary education syllabuses to choose from as well as the Egyptian Baccalaureate for secondary education. In this case, students are either taught their curriculum entirely in English and take French or German as a second language or they could opt to be taught entirely in French or German and take English as a second language.

American Diploma, International Baccalaureate, French Baccalaureate, German Baccalaureate, and the British IGCSE are many of the other high school certificates students can opt for.

To School

Lower-class and lower-middle-class children attend public schools because they do not require paying any tuition fees. Public schools in Egypt do not have any school buses; so students walk to school, ride a bike, or use public transportation such as metros and buses. Children who live in the countryside are most likely to go to public schools as well.

Children from higher classes of income usually attend private schools. They take the school bus or use other means of private transportation to go there.

Both public and private school students are required to wear uniforms.

Egypt Population Comparison

Egypt Health Information

What are the health conditions in Egypt?

Life Expectancy at Birth 73.190000
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.79
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 23.300000
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.9%
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 2.83
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 1.7
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk intermediate
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 100.000000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 66
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 12-49 60.3%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.9
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 33.1%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 97.800000
Underweight - percent of children under five years 6.8%

Egypt Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Egypt?

Life Expectancy at Birth 73.190000
Median Age 24.800000
Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 12-49 60.3%
Infant Mortality Rate 23.300000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 66
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.9

Egypt median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 24
Median Age 24.800000
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -0.2
Population Growth Rate 1.88%
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.050000
Age Structure 33.210000
Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 12-49 60.3%
Infant Mortality Rate 23.300000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 66
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.9

Egypt Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Egypt?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical care in Egypt falls short of U.S. standards. The U.S. Embassy in Cairo can provide a list of local hospitals and English-speaking physicians. Emergency and intensive care facilities are limited. Most Nile cruise boats do not have a ship's doctor, but some employ a medical practitioner of uncertain qualification. Hospital facilities in Luxor and Aswan are inadequate, and they are nonexistent at most other ports-of-call. The Egyptian ambulance service hotline is 123, but Egyptian ambulance service is not reliable.

Beaches on the Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts are generally unpolluted. However, persons who swim in the Nile or its canals, walk barefoot in stagnant water, or drink untreated water are at risk of exposure to bacterial and other infections and the parasitic disease schistosomiasis (bilharzia).

It is generally safe to eat freshly prepared cooked food in hotels, on Nile cruise boats, and in mainstream restaurants. When selecting a restaurant, select a clean and reputable place,eat only freshly prepared, cooked foods, avoid all uncooked food including raw fruits and vegetables. Tap water in many locations is not potable. It is best to drink bottled water or water that has been boiled and filtered. Well-known brands of bottled beverages are generally considered to be safe if the seal is intact.

Health Expenditures - percent of GDP


Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population


Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population


Egypt Education

What is school like in Egypt?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 3.8%
Literacy - female 65.8%
Literacy - male 81.7%
Literacy - total population 73.9%
Literacy Definition age 10 and over can read and write
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 13.000000

Egypt Literacy

Can people in Egypt read?

Literacy - female 65.8%
Literacy - male 81.7%
Literacy - total population 73.9%
Literacy Definition age 10 and over can read and write

Egypt Crime

Is Egypt a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Following the Revolution in January 2011, the incidence of crime, including attacks on foreigners, increased throughout the country. Travelers should apply common sense personal security measures when moving about, particularly in urban areas after dark, to avoid becoming a victim. While the majority of incidents reported are crimes of opportunity, such as purse snatching and theft, there is growing and serious concern of incidents that involve weapons, including car-jackings. There have been multiple reports of men on motorcycles or in cars grabbing purses or other valuables in drive-by assaults. U.S. citizens are advised to carry mobile phones in pockets rather than on belts or in purses. Avoid wearing headphones, which make the wearer more vulnerable and readily advertise the presence of a valuable item. Limit or avoid display of jewelry as it attracts attention and could prompt a robbery attempt. Limit cash and credit cards carried on your person. Be sure to store valuables, wallet items, and passports in a safe place. Travelers are strongly cautioned not to leave valuables such as cash, jewelry, and electronic items unsecured in hotel rooms or unattended in public places. Women are vulnerable to sexual harassment and verbal abuse; the Embassy has received numerous reports of foreigners being groped in taxis and while in public places. Travelers are cautioned to be aware of their surroundings and to be cautious going anywhere with a stranger alone.

Egypt Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Egypt, you are subject to its laws. The Egyptian legal system is different from the legal system in the United States. If you break Egyptian laws, your U.S. passport will not prevent arrest or prosecution. Punishments often are harsher in Egypt for comparable crimes than they are in the United States. You may be detained and taken in for questioning if you do not have proper identification, such as a passport. Although the enforcement of traffic laws generally is lax, foreigners are subject to extra scrutiny and driving under the influence could result in arrest or detainment.

Be aware that you can also be prosecuted for violating U.S. laws while in Egypt. Do not purchase counterfeit or pirated goods, such as DVDs. They are illegal in Egypt and in the United States. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States.

While some countries routinely notify the U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested, others do not. If you are arrested or detained in Egypt, you should immediately ask authorities to notify the U.S. Embassy in Cairo.

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