Djibouti Demographics

What is the population of Djibouti?

Population 921,804
Population Growth Rate 2.26%
Urban Population 77.1%
Population in Major Urban Areas DJIBOUTI (capital) 496,000
Nationality Noun Djiboutian(s)
Nationality Adjective Djiboutian
Ethnic Groups Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Languages Spoken French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Djibouti Health Information

What are the health conditions in Djibouti?

Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 15-49 17.8%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 7.96
Diseases - note highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 65.5%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 7.9%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 100%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 7.9%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 2.5%
HIV/Aids Deaths 800
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 1.4
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 44.11
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 59.2
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 51.77
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 200
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 9.4%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 14,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .23
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 38.6%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 73.1%
Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved 21.6%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.55
Underweight - percent of children under five years 29.8%
Vectorborne Disease (s) dengue fever

Djibouti Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Djibouti?

Life Expectancy at Birth 61 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 64 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 59 Years
Median Age 22 Years
Median Age - female 23 Years
Median Age - male 20 Years

Djibouti Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Djibouti median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 25
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 7.96
Median Age 22 Years
Median Age - female 23 Years
Median Age - male 20 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population 6.04
Population Growth Rate 2.26%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female .89
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female .71
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .85
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .86
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .82

Djibouti Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Djibouti?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Adequate medical facilities in the capital of Djibouti are limited and trauma services are only for stabilization and air ambulance transfer. Medical services in many outlying areas are nonexistent. Even in the capital, hospitals are unable to treat many ailments and frequently recommend medical evacuation. Visitors to Djibouti should purchase medical evacuation insurance. Hospitals in Djibouti require up-front cash payment for services and do not have service agreements with U.S. insurance companies. Cash payment will be requested in full before the patient is allowed to depart the hospital – reimbursement may then be requested by the U.S. Citizen through their insurance company in the United States.

U.S. Motorists should be especially aware that, in case of an accident outside the capital, emergency medical treatment would depend on assistance from passersby. In addition, cell phone coverage in outlying areas is often unavailable, making it impossible to summon help. Ambulance service in Djibouti is limited in effectiveness, must be scheduled and paid for in advance and is only a means of transportation. U.S. Citizen visitors to Djibouti are not permitted to access Embassy or U.S. Military medical facilities and must depend entirely on local medical facilities.

Malaria and dengue fever are endemic to Djibouti. Travelers who become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in a malaria-risk area and even up to one year after returning home should seek prompt medical attention, tell their medical provider about their travel history and what anti-malarial drugs they have been taking.

In 2013, polio was found in Djibouti’s neighbors (Somalia and Ethiopia), and health professionals strongly suspect it is present in Djibouti. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all infants and children in the United States should receive four doses of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) at 2, 4, 6–18 months and 4–6 years of age. Adults traveling to polio-endemic and epidemic areas and who have received a primary series with either IPV or oral polio vaccine should receive another dose of IPV. For adults, available data does not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.

Tuberculosis is a serious health concern in Djibouti, including multi-drug resistant strains. For further information, please consult the CDC's information on TB.

In May 2006, avian influenza was confirmed in three chickens and one human in Djibouti.

Djibouti Education

What is school like in Djibouti?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 8.4%
Literacy - female 58.4%
Literacy - male 78%
Literacy - total population 67.9%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 6 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 7 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 6 Years

Djibouti Literacy

Can people in Djibouti read?

Literacy - female 58.4%
Literacy - male 78%
Literacy - total population 67.9%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Djibouti Crime

Is Djibouti a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Accurate Djiboutian crime statistics are not available, but the majority of crimes are petty theft and crimes of opportunity. Anecdotal evidence suggests an increasing frequency of violent crimes against Djiboutian citizens and burglaries of residences in established neighborhoods. Violent crimes against foreigners are rare in Djibouti. However, foreigners are frequent victims of snatch-and-grab robberies and price gouging by unscrupulous taxi drivers.

Do not buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Djibouti Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Djibouti, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In some places, you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places, driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in Djibouti, but still illegal in the United States. For example, you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Djibouti, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what is legal and what is not wherever you go.

If you are arrested in Djibouti, you have the right to request authorities alert the U.S. Embassy of your arrest. The U.S. does not have an agreement with Djibouti requiring notification of the U.S. Embassy upon your arrest. If you are arrested in Djibouti you should use whatever means of communication available to alert the U.S. Embassy of your situation.

Djibouti Population Comparison

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