Denmark Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Denmark?

Overview:

Denmark proper consists of the Jutland Peninsula and 406 islands, of which 79 are inhabited. The straits between these islands connect the Baltic and the North Seas.

Greenland and the Faroe Islands, although self‑governing, are parts of Denmark. Greenland, the largest island in the world, is geographically part of North America.

For many years, Denmark has been regarded traditionally as an agricultural country. However, dramatic changes have occurred in recent years, and today only about 3% of the population is employed in agriculture and fishing.

The coastline is irregular and dotted with inlets, breaks, gently sloping fjords, and impressive cliffs. About 10% of the country is covered by woodland, including commercial forests. The public has access, as a right, to all the beaches in the country, including right of passage along privately owned shore.

Geography - note:

controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen

Climate:

Because Denmark is almost entirely surrounded by the sea, it has a moderate, maritime climate. This, however, produces changeable weather, which makes forecasting an imperfect art. The average temperatures range from 32°F in February to 61°F in July.


Temperatures vary slightly from day to night. Average rainfall is 24 inches. August and October are the wettest months. Days are short in winter, with about 6 hours of daylight in December and January. Daylight in summer lasts 18-20 hours.

Denmark Use of Natural Resources

Denmark Environment

Climate:

Because Denmark is almost entirely surrounded by the sea, it has a moderate, maritime climate. This, however, produces changeable weather, which makes forecasting an imperfect art. The average temperatures range from 32°F in February to 61°F in July.


Temperatures vary slightly from day to night. Average rainfall is 24 inches. August and October are the wettest months. Days are short in winter, with about 6 hours of daylight in December and January. Daylight in summer lasts 18-20 hours.

Terrain:

low and flat to gently rolling plains

Natural Resources:

petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand

Natural Hazards:

flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes

Irrigated Land:

1,681 Square Miles
4,354 Square Kilometers

Environmental Issues:

air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Denmark Geography

Geographic Location Europe
Total Area 16,639 Square Miles
43,094 Square Kilometers
Land Area 16,384 Square Miles
42,434 Square Kilometers
Water Area 255 Square Miles
660 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 42 Miles
68 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 1,681 Square Miles
4,354 Square Kilometers
Border Countries Germany 68 km
Coastline 4,545 Miles
7,314 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 56 00 N, 10 00 E
Terrain low and flat to gently rolling plains
Highest Point 173 Meters
Highest Point Location Yding Skovhoej 173 m
Lowest Point -7 Meters
Lowest Point Location Lammefjord -7 m
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand
Time Zone UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

note: applies to continental Denmark only, not to its North Atlantic components
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