Denmark Economy

Is Denmark a rich country?

This thoroughly modern market economy features advanced industry with world-leading firms in pharmaceuticals, maritime shipping, and renewable energy, and a high-tech agricultural sector. Danes enjoy a high standard of living, and the Danish economy is characterized by extensive government welfare measures and an equitable distribution of income. An aging population will be a long-term issue.

Denmark’s small open economy is highly dependent on foreign trade, and the government strongly supports trade liberalization. Denmark is a net exporter of food, oil, and gas and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus, but depends on imports of raw materials for the manufacturing sector.

Denmark is a member of the EU but not the eurozone. Despite previously meeting the criteria to join the European Economic and Monetary Union, Denmark has negotiated an opt-out with the EU and is not required to adopt the euro.

Denmark is experiencing a modest economic expansion. The economy grew by 2.0% in 2016 and 2.1% in 2017. The expansion is expected to decline slightly in 2018. Unemployment stood at 5.5% in 2017, based on the national labor survey. The labor market was tight in 2017, with corporations experiencing some difficulty finding appropriately-skilled workers to fill billets. The Danish Government offers extensive programs to train unemployed persons to work in sectors that need qualified workers.

Denmark maintained a healthy budget surplus for many years up to 2008, but the global financial crisis swung the budget balance into deficit. Since 2014 the balance has shifted between surplus and deficit. In 2017 there was a surplus of 1.0%. The government projects a lower deficit in 2018 and 2019 of 0.7%, and public debt (EMU debt) as a share of GDP is expected to decline to 35.6% in 2018 and 34.8% in 2019. The Danish Government plans to address increasing municipal, public housing and integration spending in 2018.

Denmark Economy Data

What is the GDP of Denmark?

Currency Name and Code Danish kroner (DKK)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $264,800,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $302,600,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 1%
GDP Per Capita $46,600.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 1.1%
GDP by Sector- Industry 23.4%
GDP by Sector- services 75.5%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 47.5%

government consumption: 25.6%

investment in fixed capital: 18.9%

investment in inventories: 0.3%

exports of goods and services: 50.8%

imports of goods and services: -43.1%
Population Below Poverty Line 13.4%
Inflation Rate 0.4%
Labor Force 2,825,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 2.6%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 20.3%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 77.1%
Unemployment Rate 4.2%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $156,900,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -2.5%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 39.6%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 51.8%
Major Industries iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Industrial Growth Rate 0.8%
Agriculture Products barley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish
Exchange Rate per US Dollar 6.865
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 3.7%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Denmark

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