Cyprus Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Cyprus?


Cyprus is in the eastern Mediterranean Basin, 44 miles south of Turkey, 64 miles west of Syria, and 150 miles north of the Nile Delta. Its strategic location at the crossroads of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, makes visits to those regions quite easy. The island has a maximum length of 142 miles from northeast to southwest and a maximum width of 60 miles from north to south. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, after Sicily and Sardinia, with an area of 3,572 square miles. Two mountain ranges dominate the landscape. The narrow and largely barren Kyrenia Range in the north (maximum elevation 3,360 feet) rises almost directly up from the northern coastline and follows it from east to west for some 80 miles. The forest‑covered Troodos Range rises in the southwestern sector of the island, culminating in Mount Olympus at an altitude of 6,400 feet. Between the two ranges, extending from Morphou Bay in the west to Famagusta Bay in the east lies the Mesaoria, meaning "between the mountains," a broad, fertile, coastal plain which produces most of the island’s cereal grains and other crops. Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus, is on the Mesaoria. Throughout the long summer the plain is arid and parched, but in the winter and spring it is carpeted with a lush growth of young wheat and barley. Cyprus supports a varied flora with some 1,800 different species of flowering plants, including over 120 endemic plants. Additionally, Cyprus is host to a diverse group of bird and insect fauna, as well as a surprising range of reptiles and amphibians.

Geography - note

the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia)

Cyprus Use of Natural Resources

Geographic Location Middle East
Total Area 3,572 Square Miles
9,251 Square Kilometers
Land Area 3,568 Square Miles
9,241 Square Kilometers
Water Area 4 Square Miles
10 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 93 Miles
150 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 177 Square Miles
458 Square Kilometers
Coastline 403 Miles
648 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 35 00 N, 33 00 E
Terrain central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast
Highest Point 1,951 Meters
Highest Point Location Olympus 1,951 m
Lowest Point Location Mediterranean Sea 0 m
Natural Resources copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
Time Zone UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

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