Facilities and Health Information:
Medical facilities in Cameroon are extremely limited. Even in large cities, emergency care and hospitalization for major illnesses and surgery are hampered by the lack of trained specialists, outdated diagnostic equipment, and poor sanitation. Medical services in outlying areas may be completely non-existent. Doctors and hospitals often require immediate payment for health services in cash, and require family members or friends to locate and purchase any medical supplies they will need. Pharmacies in larger towns are well stocked, but in other areas many medicines are unavailable. Be aware of the potential for counterfeit medications, often very well packaged, at any location. You should carry your own properly-labeled supply of prescription and over-the-counter medicines.
The Centers for Disease Control has a comprehensive review of infectious disease issues and overall health recommendations for traveling to Cameroon.
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease. If you will be visiting Cameroon, you will need to discuss with your doctor the best ways for you to avoid malaria. Ways to prevent malaria include the following:
Taking a prescription antimalarial drug,
Using insect repellent and wearing long pants and sleeves to prevent mosquito bites, and
Sleeping in air-conditioned or well-screened rooms and using bednets.
All of the following antimalarial drugs are equal options for preventing malaria in Cameroon: Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine. For information that can help you and your doctor decide which of these drugs would be best for you, please see Choosing a Drug to Prevent Malaria.
Chloroquine is NOT an effective antimalarial drug in Cameroon and should not be taken to prevent malaria in this region.
If you become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in Cameroon, or for up to one year after returning home, you should seek prompt medical attention and tell the physician your travel history and what antimalarials you have been taking.
Schistosomiasis is endemic in Cameroon. Avoid wading, swimming, bathing, or washing in, or drinking from bodies of fresh water such as canals, lakes, rivers, streams, or springs.
There are periodic outbreaks of cholera in Cameroon. People in high-risk areas can protect themselves by following a few simple rules of good hygiene and safe food preparation. These include scrupulous washing of hands under running water, especially before food preparation and eating, thorough cooking of food and consumption while hot, boiling or treatment of drinking water, and use of sanitary facilities. Above all, be very careful with food and water, including ice. Please see this CDC webpage for additional advice.
Yellow fever can cause serious medical problems and the vaccine, required for entry into Cameroon, is very effective. Measles and meningitis are also present in northern Cameroon. You should be sure your vaccinations are current. Polio remains a threat in northern Nigeria and Chad, which share porous borders with Cameroon.
Tuberculosis is an increasingly serious health concern in Cameroon.
Drinking Water Source - % of rural population improved"
Drinking Water Source - % of total population unimproved:
Drinking Water Source - % of urban population improved:
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population:
Sanitation Facility Access - % of total population unimproved:
Sanitation Facility Access - % of urban population improved:
Sanitation Facitlity Access - % of rural population improved:
Infectious Diseases - degree of risk:
Animal Contact Disease (s):
Food or Waterborne Disease (s):
bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Respiratory disease (s):
Vectorborne Disease (s):
malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
Water contact disease (s):