British Virgin Islands Government

What is the capital of British Virgin Islands?

Country Name British Virgin Islands
Full Country Name none
Abbreviation BVI
Etymology- history of name the myriad islets, cays, and rocks surrounding the major islands reminded explorer Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 of Saint Ursula and her 11,000 virgin followers (Santa Ursula y las Once Mil Virgenes), which over time shortened to the Virgins (las Virgenes)
Government Type parliamentary democracy (House of Assembly); self-governing overseas territory of the UK
Capital Name Road Town
Capital - geographic coordinate 18 25 N, 64 37 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
National Holiday Territory Day, 1 July (1956)
Constitution several previous; latest effective 15 June 2007
Dependency Status overseas territory of the UK; internal self-governing

British Virgin Islands Capital City Map

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British Virgin Islands Government and Politics

Who is the president of British Virgin Islands?

Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Gus JASPERT (since 22 August 2017)

head of government: Premier Andrew FAHIE (since 26 February 2019)

cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from members of the House of Assembly

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed premier by the governor
Citizenship Criteria: see United Kingdom
Legal System: English common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: unicameral House of Assembly (15 seats; 13 members - 9 in single-seat constituencies and 4 at-large seats directly elected by simple majority vote and 2 ex-officio members - the attorney general and the speaker - chosen from outside the House; members serve 4-year terms)

elections: last held on 25 February 2019 (next to be held in 2023)

election results: percent of vote by party - VIP 46.5%, NDP 28.2%, PVIM 17.4%, PU 8%; seats by party - VIP 8, NDP 3, PVIM 1, PU 1; composition - men 12, women 3, percent of women 20%
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the superior court of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States; the ECSC - headquartered on St. Lucia - consists of the Court of Appeal - headed by the chief justice and 4 judges - and the High Court with 18 judges; the Court of Appeal is itinerant, travelling to member states on a schedule to hear appeals from the High Court and subordinate courts; High Court judges reside at the member states with 3 on the British Virgin Islands

judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62

subordinate courts: Magistrates' Courts
Regions or States: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Political Parties and Leaders: National Democratic Party or NDP [Orlando SMITH]

Virgin Islands Party or VIP [Julian FRASER]
International Organization Participation: Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, OECS, UNESCO (associate), UPU
Diplomatic Representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic Representation from US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
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