Travel Alert Status
Level 4: Do Not Travel
UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note: Brazil has three time zones, including one for the Fernando de Noronha Islands
note: Brazil is divided into three time zones, including one for the Fernando de Noronha Islands
Although Brazil is immense in size and varies in topography from the sweeping sea-level Amazon basin in the north to the mountainous areas of São Paulo and Porto Alegre in the south, the temperature range is slight.
Summer runs from December to February. The rainy season runs from October to March, but varies greatly by region.
Portuguese is Brazil's official language. English, German, and French are popular second languages. Although Spanish is also understood by Portuguese speakers, some Brazilians may be offended when deliberately spoken in Spanish.
Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language)
note: less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages
white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7%
Independence Day, 7 September (1822)
10 00 S, 55 00 W
Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean