Benin Economy

Is Benin a rich country?

The free market economy of Benin has grown consecutively for four years, though growth slowed in 2017, as its close trade links to Nigeria expose Benin to risks from volatile commodity prices. Cotton is a key export commodity, with export earnings significantly impacted by the price of cotton in the broader market. The economy began deflating in 2017, with the consumer price index falling 0.8%.

During the first two years of President TALON’s administration, which began in April 2016, the government has followed an ambitious action plan to kickstart development through investments in infrastructure, education, agriculture, and governance. Electricity generation, which has constrained Benin’s economic growth, has increased and blackouts have been considerably reduced. Private foreign direct investment is small, and foreign aid accounts for a large proportion of investment in infrastructure projects.

Benin has appealed for international assistance to mitigate piracy against commercial shipping in its territory, and has used equipment from donors effectively against such piracy. Pilferage has significantly dropped at the Port of Cotonou, though the port is still struggling with effective implementation of the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code. Projects included in Benin's $307 million Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) first compact (2006-11) were designed to increase investment and private sector activity by improving key institutional and physical infrastructure. The four projects focused on access to land, access to financial services, access to justice, and access to markets (including modernization of the port). The Port of Cotonou is a major contributor to Benin’s economy, with revenues projected to account for more than 40% of Benin’s national budget.

Benin will need further efforts to upgrade infrastructure, stem corruption, and expand access to foreign markets to achieve its potential. In September 2015, Benin signed a second MCC Compact for $375 million that entered into force in June 2017 and is designed to strengthen the national utility service provider, attract private sector investment, fund infrastructure investments in electricity generation and distribution, and develop off-grid electrification for poor and unserved households. As part of the Government of Benin’s action plan to spur growth, Benin passed public private partnership legislation in 2017 to attract more foreign investment, place more emphasis on tourism, facilitate the development of new food processing systems and agricultural products, encourage new information and communication technology, and establish Independent Power Producers. In April 2017, the IMF approved a three year $150.4 million Extended Credit Facility agreement to maintain debt sustainability and boost donor confidence.

Benin Economy Data

What is the GDP of Benin?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $24,310,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $8,930,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 4.6%
GDP Per Capita $2,200.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 22.9%
GDP by Sector- Industry 24.9%
GDP by Sector- services 52.2%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 68%

government consumption: 14.2%

investment in fixed capital: 26.3%

investment in inventories: 0.5%

exports of goods and services: 24.3%

imports of goods and services: -33.3%
Population Below Poverty Line 37.4%
Inflation Rate 1%
Labor Force 3,662,000
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $1,500,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -4.9%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 40.2%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 16.8%
Major Industries textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement
Industrial Growth Rate 4.2%
Agriculture Products cotton, corn, cassava (manioc, tapioca), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, cashews; livestock
Currency Code 605.7
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 46%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 1,020,981

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Benin

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