Belgium Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Belgium?

Overview:

Belgium is an area of 11,799 square miles. The thirty-nine miles of Belgian coast are washed by the North Sea; 896 miles of land frontier border the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, and France. The Meuse River and its tributary, the Sambre, divide the country into two distinct geographic regions: a level, fertile area to the north and west, and the hilly, wooded region, the Ardennes, to the south and east. The capital, Brussels, is in the center of the Kingdom. With Ghent and Antwerp, it forms a triangle enclosing the most heavily built-up and densely populated area of Belgium. Approximately 50% (4 million acres) of Belgium is still farmland; forest covers less than one-fifth of the land.

Geography - note:

crossroads of Western Europe; majority of West European capitals within 1,000 km of Brussels, the seat of both the European Union and NATO

Climate:

Belgium's climate is characterized by moderate temperatures, prevailing westerly winds, cloudy skies, regular rainfall, and a little snow. The weather is variable. Summer temperatures average 60°F (16°C). Rare annual extremes are l0°F (-12°C) and 90°F (33°C).

Belgium Use of Natural Resources

Belgium Environment

Climate:

Belgium's climate is characterized by moderate temperatures, prevailing westerly winds, cloudy skies, regular rainfall, and a little snow. The weather is variable. Summer temperatures average 60°F (16°C). Rare annual extremes are l0°F (-12°C) and 90°F (33°C).

Terrain:

flat coastal plains in northwest, central rolling hills, rugged mountains of Ardennes Forest in southeast

Natural Resources:

coal, natural gas, construction materials, silica sand, carbonates

Natural Hazards:

flooding is a threat along rivers and in areas of reclaimed coastal land, protected from the sea by concrete dikes

Irrigated Land:

90 Square Miles
234 Square Kilometers

Environmental Issues:

the environment is exposed to intense pressures from human activities: urbanization, dense transportation network, industry, extensive animal breeding and crop cultivation; air and water pollution also have repercussions for neighboring countries; uncertainties regarding federal and regional responsibilities (now resolved) have slowed progress in tackling environmental challenges

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Belgium Geography

Geographic Location Europe
Total Area 11,787 Square Miles
30,528 Square Kilometers
Land Area 11,690 Square Miles
30,278 Square Kilometers
Water Area 97 Square Miles
250 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 861 Miles
1,385 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 90 Square Miles
234 Square Kilometers
Border Countries France 620 km, Germany 167 km, Luxembourg 148 km, Netherlands 450 km
Coastline 41 Miles
67 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 50 50 N, 4 00 E
Terrain flat coastal plains in northwest, central rolling hills, rugged mountains of Ardennes Forest in southeast
Highest Point 694 Meters
Highest Point Location Signal de Botrange 694 m
Lowest Point Location North Sea 0 m
Natural Resources coal, natural gas, construction materials, silica sand, carbonates
Time Zone UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
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