Azerbaijan Economy

Is Azerbaijan a rich country?

Prior to the decline in global oil prices since 2014, Azerbaijan's high economic growth was attributable to rising energy exports and to some non-export sectors. Oil exports through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline, the Baku-Novorossiysk, and the Baku-Supsa Pipelines remain the main economic driver, but efforts to boost Azerbaijan's gas production are underway. The expected completion of the geopolitically important Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) between Azerbaijan and Europe will open up another source of revenue from gas exports. First gas to Turkey through the SGC is expected in 2018 with project completion expected by 2020-21.

Declining oil prices caused a 3.1% contraction in GDP in 2016, and a 0.8% decline in 2017, highlighted by a sharp reduction in the construction sector. The economic decline was accompanied by higher inflation, a weakened banking sector, and two sharp currency devaluations in 2015. Azerbaijan’s financial sector continued to struggle. In May 2017, Baku allowed the majority state-owed International Bank of Azerbaijan (IBA), the nation’s largest bank, to default on some of its outstanding debt and file for restructuring in Azerbaijani courts; IBA also filed in US and UK bankruptcy courts to have its restructuring recognized in their respective jurisdictions.

Azerbaijan has made limited progress with market-based economic reforms. Pervasive public and private sector corruption and structural economic inefficiencies remain a drag on long-term growth, particularly in non-energy sectors. The government has, however, made efforts to combat corruption, particularly in customs and government services. Several other obstacles impede Azerbaijan's economic progress, including the need for more foreign investment in the non-energy sector and the continuing conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. While trade with Russia and the other former Soviet republics remains important, Azerbaijan has expanded trade with Turkey and Europe and is seeking new markets for non-oil/gas exports - mainly in the agricultural sector - with Gulf Cooperation Council member countries, the US, and others. It is also improving Baku airport and the Caspian Sea port of Alat for use as a regional transportation and logistics hub.

Long-term prospects depend on world oil prices, Azerbaijan's ability to develop export routes for its growing gas production, and its ability to improve the business environment and diversify the economy. In late 2016, the president approved a strategic roadmap for economic reforms that identified key non-energy segments of the economy for development, such as agriculture, logistics, information technology, and tourism. In October 2017, the long-awaited Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, stretching from the Azerbaijani capital to Kars in north-eastern Turkey, began limited service.

Azerbaijan Economy Data

What is the GDP of Azerbaijan?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $167,900,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $35,690,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate -2.4%
GDP Per Capita $17,700.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 6.4%
GDP by Sector- Industry 61.1%
GDP by Sector- services 32.5%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 56.2%

government consumption: 13.9%

investment in fixed capital: 27.3%

investment in inventories: 0%

exports of goods and services: 47.5%

imports of goods and services: -44.9%
Population Below Poverty Line 6%
Inflation Rate 11.3%
Labor Force 4,961,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 38.3%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 12.1%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 49.6%
Unemployment Rate 6.4%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $11,020,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -3.3%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 31.4%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 30.9%
Major Industries petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
Industrial Growth Rate 0.3%
Agriculture Products fruit, vegetables, grain, rice, grapes, tea, cotton, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats
Currency Code 1.526
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 7%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 106,626
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 12.2%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Azerbaijan

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