Aruba Government

What is the capital of Aruba?

Country Name Aruba
Full Country Name none
Etymology- history of name the origin of the island's name is unclear; according to tradition, the name comes from the Spanish phrase "oro huba" (there was gold), but in fact no gold was ever found on the island; another possibility is the native word "oruba," which means "well-situated"
Government Type parliamentary democracy (Legislature); part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Capital Name Oranjestad
Capital - geographic coordinate 12 31 N, 70 02 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
National Holiday National Anthem and Flag Day, 18 March (1976)
Constitution previous 1947, 1955; latest drafted and approved August 1985, enacted 1 January 1986 (regulates governance of Aruba but is subordinate to the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - in October 2010, following dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, Aruba became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Dependency Status constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs

Aruba Capital City Map

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Aruba Government and Politics

Who is the president of Aruba?

Executive Branch: chief of state: King WILLEM-ALEXANDER of the Netherlands (since 30 April 2013); represented by Governor General Alfonso BOEKHOUDT (since 1 January 2017)

head of government: Prime Minister Evelyn WEVER-CROES (since 17 November 2017)

cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Legislature (Staten)

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch for a 6-year term; prime minister and deputy prime minister indirectly elected by the Staten for 4-year term; election last held on 27 September 2013 (next to be held by September 2017)

election results: Evelyn WEVER-CROES (MEP) elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA
Citizenship Criteria: see the Netherlands
Legal System: civil law system based on the Dutch civil code
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)

elections: last held on 22 September 2017 (next to be held in September 2021)

election results: percent of vote by party AVP 39.8%, MEP 37.6%, POR 9.4%, RED 7.1%, other 6.1%; seats by party - AVP 9, MEP 9, POR 2, RED 1; composition as of October 2018 - men 14, women 7, percent of women 33.3%
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): Joint Court of Justice of Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, and of Bonaire, Sint Eustatitus and Saba or "Joint Court of Justice" (sits as a 3-judge panel); final appeals heard by the Supreme Court, in The Hague, Netherlands

judge selection and term of office: Joint Court judges appointed by the monarch for life

subordinate courts: Courts in First Instance
Regions or States: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

note: Aruba is one of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; the other three are the Netherlands, Curacao, and Sint Maarten
Political Parties and Leaders: Aruban People's Party or AVP [Michiel "Mike" EMAN]

Democratic Electoral Network or RED [L.R. CROES]

People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Evelyn WEVER-CROES]

Pueblo Orguyoso y Respeta or POR [O.E. ODUBER]

Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER]
International Organization Participation: Caricom (observer), FATF, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITUC (NGOs), UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU
Diplomatic Representation in the US: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - there is a Minister Plenipotentiary for Aruba at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Diplomatic Representation from US: the US does not have an embassy in Aruba; the Consul General to Curacao is accredited to Aruba
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