Armenia Government

What is the capital of Armenia?

Country Name Armenia
Full Country Name Republic of Armenia
Local - Long Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
Local - Short Hayastan
Former Name Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic; Armenian Republic
Etymology- history of name The etymology of the country's name remains obscure; according to tradition, the country is named after Hayk, the legendary patriarch of the Armenians and the great-great-grandson of Noah; Hayk's descendant, Aram, purportedly is the source of the name Armenia
Government Type Parliamentary democracy
Capital Name Yerevan
Capital - geographic coordinate 40 10 N, 44 30 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence 21 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
National Holiday Independence Day, 21 September (1991)
Constitution History: previous 1915, 1978; latest adopted 5 July 1995

Amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or by the National Assembly; passage requires approval by the president, by the National Assembly, and by a referendum with at least 25% registered voter participation and more than 50% of votes; constitutional articles on the form of government and democratic procedures are not amendable; amended 2005, 2007, 2008, last in 2015

Note: a 2015 amendment, approved in December 2015 by a public referendum and effective for the 2017-18 electoral cycle, changes the government type from the current semi-presidential system to a parliamentary system

Armenia Capital City Map

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Armenia Government and Politics

Who is the president of Armenia?

Executive Branch: Chief of State: President Armen SARKISSIAN (since 9 April 2018)

Head of Government: Prime Minister Nikol PASHINYAN (since 8 May 2018); Deputy Prime Ministers Mher GRIGORYAN and Tigran AVINYAN (since 16 January 2019)

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Elections/Appointments: president indirectly elected by the National Assembly in 3 rounds if needed for a single 7-year term; election last held on 2 March 2018; prime minister elected by majority vote in 2 rounds if needed by the National Assembly; election last held on 14 January 2019

Election Results: Armen SARKISSIAN elected president in the first round; note - Armen SARKISSIAN ran unopposed and won the Assembly vote 90-10; Nikol PASHINYAN was chosen as prime minister by the parliament automatically after his party won a landslide victory in the December 2018 elections

Note: After initially winning the election on 8 May 2018, Nikol PASHINYAN resigned his post (but stayed on as acting prime minister) on 16 October 2018 to force a snap election (held on 9 December 2018) in which his bloc won more than 70% of the vote; PASHINYAN was reappointed prime minister on 14 January 2019
Citizenship Criteria: Citizenship by Birth: no

Citizenship by Descent Only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Armenia

Dual Citizenship Recognized: yes

Residency Requirement for Naturalization: 3 years
Legal System: Civil law system
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: Description: unicameral National Assembly (Parliament) or Azgayin Zhoghov (minimum 101 seats, currently 132; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)

Elections: last held on 9 December 2018 (next elections to be held December 2023)

Election Results: percent of vote by party - My Step Alliance 70.4%, BHK 8.3%, Bright Armenia 6.4%, RPA 4.7%, ARF 3.9%, other 6.3%; seats by party - My Step Alliance 88, BHK 26, Bright Armenia 18; composition - men 112, women 20, percent of women 15.2%
Judicial Branch: Highest Court(s): Court of Cassation (consists of the court chairman and organized into the criminal chamber and a civil and administrative chamber, each with a chamber chairman and 2 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)

Judge Selection and Term of Office: Court of Cassation judges nominated by the Judicial Council, a 9-member body of selected judges and legal scholars; judges appointed by the president; Constitutional Court judges - 4 appointed by the president, and 5 elected by the National Assembly; judges of both courts can serve until retirement at age 65

Subordinate Courts: 2 Courts of Appeal (for civil cases and for criminal and military cases); district courts; Administrative Court
Regions or States: 11 provinces (marzer, singular - marz); Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Geghark'unik', Kotayk', Lorri, Shirak, Syunik', Tavush, Vayots' Dzor, Yerevan
Political Parties and Leaders: Armenian National Congress or ANC (bloc of independent and opposition parties) [Levon TER-PETROSSIAN]

Armenian National Movement or ANM [Ararat ZURABIAN]

Armenian Revolutionary Federation or ARF ("Dashnak" Party) [Hrant MARKARIAN]

Heritage Party [Raffi HOVHANNISIAN]

People's Party of Armenia [Stepan DEMIRCHIAN]

Prosperous Armenia [Gagik TSARUKYAN]

Republican Party of Armenia or RPA [Serzh SARGSIAN]

Rule of Law Party (Orinats Yerkir) [Artur BAGHDASARIAN]

Tsarukyan Alliance [Gagik TSARUKYAN]

Yelk (Way Out) Alliance [Edmon Marukyan]
International Law Organization Participation: Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
Diplomatic Representation in the US: Chief of Mission: Ambassador Grigor HOVHANNISSIAN (since 28 January 2016)

Chancery: 2225 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

Telephone: [1] (202) 319-1976

FAX: [1] (202) 319-2982

consulate(s) general: Glendale (CA)
Diplomatic Representation from US: Chief of Mission: Ambassador Richard MILLS (since 13 February 2015)

Embassy: 1 American Ave., Yerevan 0082

Mailing Address: American Embassy Yerevan, US Department of State, 7020 Yerevan Place, Washington, DC 20521-7020

Telephone: [374](10) 464-700

FAX: [374](10) 464-742
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