Argentina Demographics

What is the population of Argentina?

Population 45,479,118
Population Growth Rate 1%
Urban Population 92.5%
Population in Major Urban Areas BUENOS AIRES (capital) 13.528 million; Cordoba 1.556 million; Rosario 1.283 million; Mendoza 957,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 868,000; La Plata 759,000
Nationality Noun Argentine(s)
Nationality Adjective Argentine
Ethnic Groups European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) and Mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry) 97.2%, Amerindian 2.4%, African descent 0.4%
Languages Spoken Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)
Language Note Spanish is the official language of Argentina, however many people speak some English. German, French, and Italian are also widely spoken, as are several indigenous languages. Argentine Spanish also contains many distinct phrases and terms not used in other Spanish-speaking countries.

Argentina Learning

What is school like in Argentina?


In order to create a sense of equality among students, regardless of economic background, students wear standard uniforms consisting of knee-length white smocks over their everyday clothes: the boys' smocks button down the front, and the girls' button down the back. The smocks resemble white laboratory coats. Students must buy their own books and uniforms.

Private schools are conducted by churches and other organizations, but they of course charge tuition. Separate programs are available for special needs children.

Schools have varying schedules, but many will have split sessions, with half of the students attending in the morning and half in the afternoon. School sessions provide three 10-minute breaks during each morning and afternoon session.

Education Culture

Most citizens of Argentina aged 15 or older can read and write. The country has one of the better-educated populations in Latin America. Indeed, education is prized as one of the most important assets people can have.

The government provides free public education for children ages 5-14, covering elementary and high school. There are also many privately-funded schools that charge tuition for their schools.

Children attend school from March, which is Fall in South America, until late November. Summer vacation occurs when it is hottest, during December, January, and February.

The length of the school day can vary, especially among private schools, but in general, the day begins at approximately 8:00 in the morning and will conclude in the early afternoon. School is finished each day by 4:30 in the afternoon. For younger children, the school session either runs from 8:00 until noon or from 1:00 until 5:00.

Subjects for children in elementary school include math, science, history, geography, Spanish, English, music, belief systems, technology, and physical education. Until the age of nine, a child must study English for at least two hours a day.


One of Latin America's most frequent problems with education is the number of malnourished children who attend school hungry. Argentina is one of the best countries on the continent for ensuring that its children are fed properly. Certainly, a small percentage of poor families cannot provide their children with sufficient nourishment, but only 2% of children under the age of five are considered underweight because of a lack of food. Furthermore, almost three-fourths of the entire population has ready access to safe drinking water and proper sanitation facilities.

Recently, Argentina's educators have teamed up with some wealthy businessmen to improve the technological part of education. Over 50,000 personal computers have been installed in schools around the country, and the plan is to install another 50,000 before 2008. This is a tremendous asset for educators and provides children with a background that will allow them to get higher-paying jobs because of their familiarity with computers and the Internet.

Spanish is the national language, though it is spoken in many accents, including a significant Italian influence in much of the country. Other languages are spoken in the country including German and French.

When students are 14 years old, they take exams that dictate which type of secondary school they can enter. Some schools are for those who plan to attend college, others train children for vocations (business, industries, or trades), and yet others prepare students for teaching primary school.

To School

There are no public school buses, so kids will usually walk or ride a public transportation bus to school, depending on the local circumstances. They will catch their bus in time to arrive at school around 8:00. Wealthier parents often drive their children to school.

In the country or rural areas, some children will even go to school on horseback. Argentina is home to many large cattle ranches, and children who grow up on such ranches are very comfortable riding horses from the time they are very young. Larger ranches may even have their own one-room school for the children on the ranch to attend.

Argentina Health Information

What are the health conditions in Argentina?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 78.9%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 7
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 95.3%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 1.3%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 99%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 8.1%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.5%
HIV/Aids Deaths 3,700
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 4.5
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 9
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 11
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 10
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 77
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 29.7%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 11
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 3.16
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 2.8%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 97.1%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 99.4%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.27
Underweight - percent of children under five years 2.3%

Argentina Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Argentina?

Life Expectancy at Birth 77 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 81 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 74 Years
Median Age 31 Years
Median Age - female 32 Years
Median Age - male 30 Years

Argentina Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Argentina median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 17
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 7
Median Age 31 Years
Median Age - female 32 Years
Median Age - male 30 Years
Population Growth Rate 1%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .97
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .97
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .7

Argentina Education

What is school like in Argentina?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 6.3%
Literacy - female 98%
Literacy - male 98%
Literacy - total population 98%
Literacy Definition Age 10 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 18 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 16 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 17 Years

Argentina Literacy

Can people in Argentina read?

Literacy - female 98%
Literacy - male 98%
Literacy - total population 98%
Literacy Definition Age 10 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)

Argentina Crime

Is Argentina a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Most U.S. citizens visit Argentina without incident. Nevertheless, street crime in the larger cities, especially greater Buenos Aires and Mendoza, is a problem for residents and visitors alike. As in any big city, visitors to Buenos Aires and popular tourist destinations should be alert to muggers, pickpockets, scam artists, and purse-snatchers on the street, in hotel lobbies, at bus and train stations, and in cruise ship ports. Be careful in San Telmo, an older traditional neighborhood specializing in antique stores, and La Boca neighborhood (home to the famous “Caminito” street and “Boca Juniors” soccer stadium) in Buenos Aires, where violent robberies have been occurring with increasing frequency. Tourists who go to La Boca should limit their visits to the designated tourist areas during daylight hours.<br />

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Criminals usually work in groups, and travelers should assume they are armed. Criminals employ a variety of ruses to distract and victimize unsuspecting visitors. Be suspicious of anyone who approaches you on the street. A common scam is to spray mustard or a similar substance on the tourist from a distance. A pickpocket will then approach the tourist offering to help clean the stain, and while doing so, he or an accomplice robs the victim. Another scam is to entice tourists into a bar known as a “wiskeria” with a flyer for a shopping discount or free show. Once inside, the victim is not allowed to leave until he or she pays an exorbitant amount for a drink. Thieves regularly nab unattended purses, backpacks, laptops, and luggage, and criminals will often distract visitors for a few seconds to steal valuables. While most U.S. citizens are not physically injured when robbed, criminals are known to use force when they encounter resistance, and there have been some violent and even fatal attacks on foreigners carrying valuables such as expensive cameras and equipment. Visitors are advised to immediately hand over all cash and valuables if confronted. Thieves may target visitors wearing expensive watches or jewelry, or carrying laptop computer cases. When staying in a hotel or apartment, it is a good precaution to call the front desk or security to identify uninvited individuals before giving them access.<br />

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Some travelers have received counterfeit currency in Argentina. Unscrupulous vendors and taxi drivers sometimes pretend to help tourists review their pesos, then trade bad bills for good ones. Characteristics of good currency can be reviewed at the Argentine Central Bank website.<br />

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Along with conventional muggings, &quot;express kidnappings&quot; occur. Victims are grabbed off the street based on their appearance and vulnerability. They are made to withdraw as much money as possible from ATM machines, and then their family or co-workers are contacted and told to deliver all the cash that they have on hand or can gather in a couple of hours. Once the ransom is paid, the victim is usually quickly released unharmed. There have been some foreign victims. Visitors are particularly advised not to let children and adolescents travel alone.<br />

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Travelers worldwide are advised to avoid packing valuables in their checked baggage. In Argentina, officials have publicly acknowledged the systematic theft of valuables and money from checked baggage at Buenos Aires airports. Authorities are working to resolve the problem and have made a number of arrests, but travelers should exercise continued care and caution.<br />

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Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.<br />

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Your passport is a valuable document and should be guarded. Passports and other valuables should be locked in a hotel safe, and a photocopy of your passport should be carried for identification purposes. The U.S. Embassy has observed an increase in reports of stolen passports.

Argentina Population Comparison

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