Argentina Government

What is the capital of Argentina?

Country Name Argentina
Full Country Name Argentine Republic
Local - Long Republica Argentina
Local - Short Argentina
Etymology- history of name originally the area was referred to as Tierra Argentina, i.e., "Land beside the Silvery River" or "silvery land," which referred to the massive estuary in the east of the country, the Rio de la Plata (River of Silver); over time the name shortened to simply Argentina or "silvery"
Government Type Presidential republic
Capital Name Buenos Aires
Capital - geographic coordinate 34 36 S, 58 22 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence 9 July 1816 (from Spain)
National Holiday Revolution Day (May Revolution Day), 25 May (1810)
Constitution Several previous; latest effective 11 May 1853; amended many times, last in 1994

Argentina Capital City Map

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Argentina Government and Politics

Who is the president of Argentina?

Executive Branch: Chief of State: President Alberto Angel FERNANDEZ (since 10 December 2019); Vice President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2019); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of Government: President Alberto Angel FERNANDEZ (since 10 December 2019); Vice President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2019)

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president

Elections/Appointments: president and vice president are directly elected on the same ballot by a qualified majority vote (to win, a candidate must receive at least 45% of votes or 40% of votes and a 10-point lead over the second-place candidate; if neither occurs, a second-round is held ); the president serves a 4-year term (eligible for a second consecutive term); election last held on 27 October 2019 (next to be held in October 2023)

Election Results: Alberto Angel FERNANDEZ elected president; percent of the vote - Alberto Angel FERNANDEZ (TODOS) 48.1%, Mauricio MACRI (PRO) 40.4%, Roberto LAVAGNA (independent) 6.2%, other 5.3%
Citizenship Criteria: Citizenship by Birth: yes

Citizenship by Descent: yes

Dual Citizenship Recognized: yes

Residency Requirement for Naturalization: 2 years
Legal System: Civil law system based on West European legal systems; note - in mid-2015, Argentina adopted a new civil code, replacing the old one in force since 1871
Suffrage: 18-70 years of age; universal and compulsory; 16-17 years of age - optional for national elections
Legislative Branch: Description: bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of:

Senate (72 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by a simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms with one-third of the membership elected every 2 years)

Chamber of Deputies (257 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 2 years)


Senate - last held on 27 October 2019 (next to be held in October 2021)

Chamber of Deputies - last held on 27 October 2019 (next to be held in October 2021)

Election Results: Senate - percent of vote by bloc or party - NA; seats by bloc or party - TODOS 13, Cambiemos 8, FCS 2, JSRN 1;

Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by bloc or party - NA; seats by bloc or party - TODOS 64, Cambiemos 56, CF 3, FCS 3, JSRN 1, other 3
Judicial Branch: Highest Court(s): Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (consists of the court president, vice-president, and 5 judges)

Judge Selection and Term of Office: judges are nominated by the president and approved by the Senate; judges can serve until mandatory retirement at the age of 75

Subordinate Courts: federal level appellate, district, and territorial courts; provincial-level supreme, appellate, and first instance courts
Regions or States: 23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 autonomous city*; Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires*, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur (Tierra del Fuego), Tucuman

Note: The US does not recognize any claims to Antarctica
Political Parties and Leaders: Cambiemos [Mauricio MACRI] (coalition of CC-ARI, PRO, and UCR)

Citizen's Unity or UC [Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER]

Civic Coalition ARI or CC-ARI [ Elisa CARRIO]

Civic Front for Santiago or FCS [Gerardo ZAMORA]

Dissident Peronists (PJ Disidente) or Federal Peronism (a right-wing faction of PJ which is opposed to the Kirchners) [Eduardo DUHALDE]

Front for the Renewal of Concord or FRC

Front for Victory or FpV (a left-wing faction of PJ) [Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER]

Justicialist Party or PJ [Jose Luis GIOJA]

Progresistas [Margarita STOLBIZER]

Radical Civic Union or UCR [Lilia PUIG DE STUBRIN]

Renewal Front (Frente Renovador) or FR [Sergio MASSA]

Republican Proposal or PRO [Mauricio MACRI]

Socialist Party or PS [Antonio BONFATTI]

United for a New Alternative or UNA (includes FR)

Numerous provincial parties
International Law Organization Participation: Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
International Organization Participation: AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BCIE, BIS, CAN (associate), CD, CELAC, FAO, FATF, G-15, G-20, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), NSG, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Paris Club (associate), PCA, SICA (observer), UN, UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina (observer), UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Diplomatic Representation in the US: Chief of Mission: Ambassador Fernando ORIS DE ROA (since 24 January 2018)

Chancery: 1600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

Telephone: [1] (202) 238-6400

FAX: [1] (202) 332-3171

Consulate(s) General: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Washington, DC
Diplomatic Representation from US: Chief of Mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Tom COONEY (since 20 January 2017)

Embassy: Avenida Colombia 4300, C1425GMN Buenos Aires

Mailing Address: international mail: use embassy street address; APO address: US Embassy Buenos Aires, Unit 4334, APO AA 34034

Telephone: [54] (11) 5777-4533

FAX: [54] (11) 5777-4240
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