The climate is semiarid in the south and along the coast of Luanda. The north has a cool dry season (May to October) and a hot rainy season (November to April). Natural hazards are locally heavy rainfall, which causes periodic flooding.
In Luanda during the January to April hot season, the temperature is often in the upper 90s; the sun is quite intense, and the humidity is very high. During the winter months, June through September, the days are pleasant, with high temperatures around 80°F, with mild evenings. Skies are often hazy, a condition called "cacimbo." Generally, there are light rains during November and December, with heavy rains falling in March and April.
A narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to a vast interior plateau
Petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium
Locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau
330 Square Miles
855 Square Kilometers
Overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of the tropical rain forests, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment - International Agreements:
Party To: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements