Algeria Demographics

What is the population of Algeria?

Population 42,972,878
Population Growth Rate 1.9%
Urban Population 73%
Population in Major Urban Areas ALGIERS (capital) 2.916 million; Oran 783,000
Nationality Noun Algerian(s)
Nationality Adjective Algerian
Ethnic Groups Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
Languages Spoken Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Language Note Arabic is the official language of Algeria. French was the primary language of business before 1992 but is now only rarely used in the country. Various Berber dialects are spoken in Berber homes and in remote areas but most Berbers also speak Arabic. Arabic speakers constitute 75% of the population, while Berber speakers make up 25% approximately, with French speakers reduced to less than 50,000.

Algeria Health Information

What are the health conditions in Algeria?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 61.4%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.31
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 79.5%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 16.1%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 85.5%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 3.9%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1%
HIV/Aids Deaths 950
HIV/AIDS Prevalence - note No country-specific models provided
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 1.7
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 20.64
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 24.4
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 22.57
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 97
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 16%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 18,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 1.21
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 4.8%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 97.6%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 88.4%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.78
Underweight - percent of children under five years 3.7%

Algeria Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Algeria?

Life Expectancy at Birth 76 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 77 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 74 Years
Median Age 27 Years
Median Age - female 27 Years
Median Age - male 26 Years

Algeria Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Algeria median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 24
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.31
Median Age 27 Years
Median Age - female 27 Years
Median Age - male 26 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -0.93
Population Growth Rate 1.9%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .84

Algeria Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Algeria?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Hospitals and clinics in Algeria are available and improving in the large urban centers but are still not up to Western standards. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for services. Most medical practitioners speak French; English is not widely used.

Prescription medicines are not always readily available. Some pharmacies may at times be out-of-stock. In addition, the medicine may be sold under a different brand name and may contain a different dosage from that sold in the United States. Please be aware that some newer medications may not yet be available in Algeria. It is usually easy to obtain over-the-counter products.

Emergency services are satisfactory, but response time is often unpredictable. In all cases, response time is not as fast as in the United States.

Cases of tuberculosis are regularly reported but do not reach endemic levels. For further information on tuberculosis, please consult the CDC’s information on TB. Every summer, public health authorities report limited occurrences of water-borne diseases, such as typhoid. In addition, HIV/AIDS is a concern in the remote southern part of the country, especially in border towns.

Algeria Education

What is school like in Algeria?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.3%
Literacy - female 61%
Literacy - male 78.8%
Literacy - total population 69.9%
Literacy Definition Age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 14 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 12 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 14 Years

Algeria Literacy

Can people in Algeria read?

Literacy - female 61%
Literacy - male 78.8%
Literacy - total population 69.9%
Literacy Definition Age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Algeria Crime

Is Algeria a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

The crime rate in Algeria is moderate. Serious crimes have been reported in which armed men posing as police officers have entered homes and robbed the occupants at gunpoint. Petty theft and home burglary occur frequently, and muggings are on the rise, especially after dark in the cities. Theft of contents and parts from parked cars, pick-pocketing, theft on trains and buses, theft of items left in hotel rooms, and purse snatching are common. Alarms, grills, and/or guards help to protect most foreigners' residences.

Kidnappings, orchestrated by both criminals and terrorists, are a common occurrence in Algeria. Kidnappings for ransom occur frequently in the Kabylie region, but also in other parts of southern Algeria. Kidnapping by terrorist organizations or armed criminal groups is an immediate threat in both the Kabylie region in northeastern Algeria and the trans-Sahara region in the south. An Italian tourist was kidnapped by AQIM in February 2011 and later released in April 2012. In January 2011, two Frenchmen were kidnapped by AQIM in Niamey, Niger, and were killed during a rescue attempt near the Malian border. In October 2011, two Spanish nationals and one Italian national were kidnapped from a refugee camp near the town of Tindouf, near the borders of Morocco, Western Sahara, and Mauritania by the newly formed Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO). In April 2012, seven Algerian diplomats were kidnapped in Kidal, northern Mali by MUJAO, and in September 2012, one diplomat was killed, and three were released. MUJAO still holds three Algerian diplomats.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, but you may also be breaking local law too.

Social unrest has become commonplace in Algeria. The frequency and intensity of localized, sporadic, and usually spontaneous civil disturbances have risen dramatically since 2010. In 2012, there were similar spontaneous protests and demonstrations with some being well-organized in advance. These disturbances are overwhelmingly based on longstanding, deeply seated socio-economic grievances. Some people involved in these protests, demonstrations, and riots have ignited fireworks, thrown Molotov cocktails, brandished knives, looted businesses, damaged property, and robbed passersby. Most victims displayed obvious signs of wealth and were targets of opportunity. Travelers should avoid crowds, protests, demonstrations, and riots.

Algeria Population Comparison

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