Algeria Government

What is the capital of Algeria?

Country Name Algeria
Full Country Name People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Local - Long Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah
Local - Short Al Jaza'ir
Etymology- history of name The country's name derives from the capital city of Algiers
Government Type Presidential republic
Capital Name Algiers
Capital - geographic coordinate 36 45 N, 3 03 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence 5 July 1962 (from France)
National Holiday Revolution Day, 1 November (1954)
Constitution History: several previous; latest approved by referendum 23 February 1989

Amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or through the president with the support of three-fourths of the members of both houses of Parliament in joint session; passage requires approval by both houses, approval by referendum, and the promulgation by the president; the president can forego a referendum if the Constitutional Council determines the proposed amendment does not conflict with basic constitutional principles; articles including the republican form of government, the integrity and unity of the country, and fundamental citizens’ liberties and rights cannot be amended; amended several times, last in 2016

Algeria Capital City Map

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Algeria Government and Politics

Who is the president of Algeria?

Executive Branch: Chief of State: President Abdelmadjid TEBBOUNE (since 12 December 2019)

Head of Government: President Abdelmadjid TEBBOUNE (since 28 December 2019)

Cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections/Appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in two rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 12 December 2019 (next to be held in 2024); prime minister nominated by the president after consultation with the majority party in Parliament

Election Results: Abdelmadjid TEBBOUNE (NLF) 58.1%, Abdelkader BENGRINA (Movement of National Construction) 17.4%, Ali BENFLIS (Vanguard of Freedoms) 10.6%, Azzedine MIHOUBI (RND) 7.3%, Abdelaziz BELAID (Future Front) 6.7%
Citizenship Criteria: Citizenship by Birth: no

Citizenship by Descent Only: the mother must be a citizen of Algeria

Dual Citizenship Recognized: no

Residency Requirement for Naturalization: 7 years
Legal System: Mixed legal system of French civil law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials including several Supreme Court justices
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: Description: bicameral Parliament consists of:

Council of the Nation (upper house with 144 seats; one-third of members appointed by the president, two-thirds indirectly elected by simple majority vote by an electoral college composed of local council members; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 3 years)

National People's Assembly (lower house with 462 seats including 8 seats for Algerians living abroad); members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)


Council of the Nation - last held on 29 December 2018 (next to be held in December 2021)

National People's Assembly - last held on 4 May 2017 (next to be held in 2022)

Election Results:

Council of the Nation - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; composition - men 137, women 7, percent of women 5%

National People's Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FLN 164, RND 97, MSP-FC 33, TAJ 19, Ennahda-FJD 15, FFS 14, El Mostakbel 14, MPA 13, PT 11, RCD 9, ANR 8, MEN 4, other 33, independent 28; composition - men 343, women 119, percent of women 25.8%; note - total Parliament percent of women 20.8%
Judicial Branch: Highest Court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of 150 judges organized into 4 divisions: civil and commercial; social security and labor; criminal; and administrative; Constitutional Council (consists of 12 members including the court chairman and deputy chairman); note - Algeria's judicial system does not include sharia courts

Judge Selection and Term of Office: Supreme Court judges are appointed by the High Council of Magistracy, an administrative body presided over by the president of the republic, and includes the republic vice-president and several members; judges appointed for life; Constitutional Council members - 4 appointed by the president of the republic, 2 each by the 2 houses of Parliament, 2 by the Supreme Court, and 2 by the Council of State; Council president and members appointed for single 6-year terms with half the membership renewed every 3 years

Subordinate Courts: appellate or Wilaya courts; first instance or daira tribunals
Regions or States: 48 provinces (wilayas, singular - wilaya); Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanrasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen
Political Parties and Leaders: Algerian National Front or FNA [Moussa TOUATI]

Algerian Popular Movement or MPA [Amara BENYOUNES]

Algerian Rally or RA [Ali ZAGHDOUD]

Algeria's Hope Rally or TAJ [Amar GHOUL]

Dignity or El Karama [Mohamed BENHAMOU]

Ennour El Djazairi Party (Algerian Radiance Party) or PED [Badreddine BELBAZ]

Front for Change or FC [Abdelmadjid MENASRA]

Front for Justice and Development or El Adala [Abdallah DJABALLAH]

Future Front or El Mostakbel [Abdelaziz BELAID]

Green Algeria Alliance or AAV [Bouguerra SOLTANI] (includes Islah, Ennahda Movement, and MSP)

Islamic Renaissance Movement or Ennahda Movement [Mohamed DOUIBI]

Justice and Development Front or FJD

Movement of National Understanding or MEN

Movement for National Reform or Islah [Djilali GHOUINI]

Movement of Society for Peace or MSP [Abderrazak MOKRI]

National Democratic Rally (Rassemblement National Democratique) or RND [Ahmed OUYAHIA]

National Front for Social Justice or FNJS [Khaled BOUNEDJEMA]

National Liberation Front or FLN [Djamel OULD ABBES]

National Party for Solidarity and Development or PNSD [Dalila YALAQUI]

National Reform Movement or Islah [Djahid YOUNSI]

National Republican Alliance or ANR [Redha MALEK]

New Dawn Party or PFJ [Tahar BENBAIBECHE]

New Generation or Jil Jadid [Soufiane DJILALI]

Oath of 1954 or Ahd 54 [Ali Fawzi REBAINE]

Party of Justice and Liberty [Mohammed SAID]

Rally for Culture and Democracy or RCD [Mohcine BELABBAS]

Rally for Hope in Algeria or TAJ

Socialist Forces Front or FFS [Mustafa BOUCHACHI]

Union of Democratic and Social Forces or UFDS [Noureddine BAHBOUH]

Vanguard of Freedoms [Ali BENFLIS]

Youth Party or PJ [Hamana BOUCHARMA]

Workers Party or PT [Louisa HANOUNE]

Note: a law banning political parties based on religion was enacted in March 1997
International Law Organization Participation: Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
International Organization Participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, BIS, CAEU, CD, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Diplomatic Representation in the US: Chief of Mission: Ambassador Madjid BOUGUERRA (since 23 February 2015)

Chancery: 2118 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008

Telephone: [1] (202) 265-2800

FAX: [1] (202) 986-5906

Consulate(s) General: New York
Diplomatic Representation from US: Chief of Mission: Ambassador John P. DESROCHER (since 5 September 2017)

Embassy: 05 Chemin Cheikh Bachir, El Ibrahimi, El-Biar 16030 Algieria

Mailing Address: B. P. 408, Alger-Gare, 16030 Algiers

Telephone: [213] (0) 770-08-2000

FAX: [213] (0) 770-08-2064
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