|Medical Facilities and Health Information||
The quality of Tajikistan’s medical infrastructure is significantly below Western standards, with severe shortages of basic medical supplies, including disposable needles, anesthetics, prescription drugs, and antibiotics. Many trained medical personnel left the country during or after the civil war. Elderly travelers and those with pre-existing health problems may be at particular risk due to inadequate medical facilities.
Significant disease outbreaks are possible due to population shifts and a decline in some immunization coverage among the general population. There have been outbreaks of polio in the southwest areas of the country near the borders with Afghanistan and Uzbekistan, including the capital city Dushanbe; typhoid outbreaks in the Dushanbe area and in the south of the country; an outbreak of Congo Crimea hemorrhagic fever to the west of Dushanbe; and the risk of contracting malaria, cholera, and water-borne illnesses is high. Throughout Central Asia, infection rates of various forms of hepatitis and tuberculosis (including drug-resistant strains) are on the rise. Tuberculosis is an increasingly serious health concern in Tajikistan.
It is advisable to drink only bottled or thoroughly boiled water while in Tajikistan.
The government of Tajikistan requires all foreign citizens who remain in the country for more than 90 days to present a medical certificate from a medical facility or to submit to an HIV test in Tajikistan if they are already in Tajikistan without such a certificate (with the exception of persons applying for diplomatic, official, investor, and humanitarian types of visas).
|Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved||64%|
|Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved||28.3%|
|Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved||93%|
|HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate||0.2%|
|Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population||5.5|
|People Living with HIV/AIDS||9,100|
|Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population||1.9|
|Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved||5.6%|
|Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved||93.6%|
|Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved||94.6%|
|Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk||high|
|Food or Waterborne Disease (s)||bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever|
|Vectorborne Disease (s)||malaria|
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